Articles | Volume 19, issue 1
Review article
07 Jan 2015
Review article |  | 07 Jan 2015

On inclusion of water resource management in Earth system models – Part 2: Representation of water supply and allocation and opportunities for improved modeling

A. Nazemi and H. S. Wheater

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On inclusion of water resource management in Earth system models – Part 1: Problem definition and representation of water demand
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Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 33–61,,, 2015
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Subject: Global hydrology | Techniques and Approaches: Modelling approaches
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Cited articles

Adam, J. C. and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Application of new precipitation and reconstructed streamflow products to streamflow trend attribution in northern Eurasia, J. Climate, 21, 807–1828, 2008.
Adam, J. C., Haddeland, I., Su, F., and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Simulation of reservoir influences on annual and seasonal streamflow changes for the Lena, Yenisei and Ob'rivers, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 112, D24114,, 2007.
Alcamo, J., Döll, P., Henrichs, T., Kaspar, F., Lehner, B., Rösch, T., and Siebert, S.: Development and testing of the WaterGAP 2 global model of water use and availability, Hydrolog. Sci. J., 48, 317–337, 2003.
Alcamo, J., Flörke, M., and Märker, M.: Future long-term changes in global water resources driven by socio-economic and climatic changes, Hydrolog. Sci. J., 52, 247–275, 2007.
Arnell, N. W.: Climate change and global water resources: SRES emissions and socio-economic scenarios, Global Environ. Change, 14, 31–52, 2004.
Short summary
Human water supply and allocation are major drivers of change in terrestrial water cycle. Considering current schemes for representing water supply and allocation in large-scale models, we review the state of the art and highlight various sources of uncertainty. Considering the opportunities for improving available schemes, we argue that the time is right for a global initiative based on a set of regional case studies to improve the inclusion of water resource management in large-scale models.