Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, BC V8W 2Y2, Victoria, Canada
Abstract. This analysis documents projected changes in daily precipitation and temperature characteristics over Canada based on a 15-member ensemble which had been downscaled using the Canadian Regional Climate Model–CanRCM4 at 50 km resolution by the Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis (CCCma) under Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 8.5. In this study, the historical CanRCM4 simulations are first compared against observations for validation purposes. Then, a multivariate bias correction algorithm is applied to the CanRCM4 outputs to adjust the data against the EU WATCH Forcing Data ERA-Interim reanalysis (WFDEI). We analyze changes in mean and extremes for two 30-year non-overlapping future periods: 2021–2050 and 2071–2100 relative to 1979–2008. The results indicate that daily mean precipitation is projected to increase over Canada, with larger increases expected in the 2080s. However, decreases are projected in summer precipitation over the Canadian Prairies by the year 2100. Mean air temperature is projected to intensify towards the northern high latitude regions, particularly in the winter season. Precipitation and temperature extreme events may increase more than the mean. By examining the behavior of precipitation distribution tails, the mean of the probability distributions of wet extremes over the Saskatchewan (SRB) and Mackenzie River basins (MRB) is projected to shift to the right with global warming. For temperature extremes, minimum temperature may warm faster compared to daily maximum temperatures, particularly in the winter and towards the Arctic region.
This preprint has been withdrawn.
How to cite. Asong, Z. E., Elshamy, M., Princz, D., Wheater, H., Pomeroy, J., Pietroniro, A., and Cannon, A.: Regional scenarios of change over Canada: future climate projections, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss. [preprint], https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2019-249, 2019.
Received: 21 May 2019 – Discussion started: 16 Jul 2019