Articles | Volume 19, issue 1
Review article
07 Jan 2015
Review article |  | 07 Jan 2015

On inclusion of water resource management in Earth system models – Part 1: Problem definition and representation of water demand

A. Nazemi and H. S. Wheater

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On inclusion of water resource management in Earth system models – Part 2: Representation of water supply and allocation and opportunities for improved modeling
A. Nazemi and H. S. Wheater
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 63–90,,, 2015
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Subject: Global hydrology | Techniques and Approaches: Modelling approaches
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Cited articles

Abdullah, K. B.: Use of water and land for food security and environmental sustainability, Irrig. Drain., 55, 219–222,, 2006.
Adam, J. C. and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Adjustment of global gridded precipitation for systematic bias, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 4257,, 2003.
Adam, J. C., Haddeland, I., Su, F., and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Simulation of reservoir influences on annual and seasonal streamflow changes for the Lena, Yenisei and Ob' rivers, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 112, D24114,, 2007.
Adegoke, J. O., Pielke Sr., R. A., Eastman, J., Mahmood, R., and Hubbard, K. G.: Impact of irrigation on midsummer surface fluxes and temperature under dry synoptic conditions: A regional atmospheric model study of the US High Plains, Mon. Weather Rev., 131, 556–564, 2003.
AghaKouchak, A., Norouzi, H.-R., Madani, K., Mirchi, A., Azarderakhsh, M., Nazemi, A., Nasrollahi, N., Farahmand, A.-R., Mehran, A., and Hasanzadeh, E.: Aral Sea syndrome desiccates Lake Urmia: Call for action, Journal of Great Lakes Research,, in press, 2014.
Short summary
Activities related to water resource management perturb terrestrial water cycle with hydrologic and land-atmospheric implications. By defining water resource management as the integration of water demand with water supply and allocation, this paper critically reviews current schemes for representing human water demands in models relevant to Earth system modelling. We conclude that current representations are limited due to uncertainties in data support, demand algorithms and large-scale models.