Articles | Volume 26, issue 19
Research article
06 Oct 2022
Research article |  | 06 Oct 2022

Impacts of different types of El Niño events on water quality over the Corn Belt, United States

Pan Chen, Wenhong Li, and Keqi He

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Impact of two different types of El Niño events on runoff over the conterminous United States
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Short summary
The study assessed changes in total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) loads in response to eastern Pacific (EP) and central Pacific (CP) El Niño events over the Corn Belt, USA, using the SWAT model. Results showed that EP (CP) El Niño events improved (exacerbated) water quality in the region. Furthermore, EP El Niño had a much broader and longer impact on water quality at the outlets, but CP El Niño could lead to similar increases in TN/TP loads as EP El Niño at the specific watersheds.