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HESS | Articles | Volume 24, issue 2
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 761–769, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-761-2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Special issue: History of hydrology (HESS/HGSS inter-journal SI)

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 761–769, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-761-2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Education and communication 19 Feb 2020

Education and communication | 19 Feb 2020

The millennium-old hydrogeology textbook The Extraction of Hidden Waters by the Persian mathematician and engineer Abubakr Mohammad Karaji (953 CE–1029 CE)

Behzad Ataie-Ashtiani and Craig T. Simmons

Related subject area

Subject: Groundwater hydrology | Techniques and Approaches: Modelling approaches
Sensitivity of hydrologic and geologic parameters on recharge processes in a highly heterogeneous, semi-confined aquifer system
Stephen R. Maples, Laura Foglia, Graham E. Fogg, and Reed M. Maxwell
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 2437–2456, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-2437-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-2437-2020, 2020
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Basin-scale multi-objective simulation-optimization modeling for conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater in northwest China
Jian Song, Yun Yang, Xiaomin Sun, Jin Lin, Ming Wu, Jianfeng Wu, and Jichun Wu
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 2323–2341, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-2323-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-2323-2020, 2020
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Assessing the response of groundwater quantity and travel time distribution to 1.5, 2, and 3 °C global warming in a mesoscale central German basin
Miao Jing, Rohini Kumar, Falk Heße, Stephan Thober, Oldrich Rakovec, Luis Samaniego, and Sabine Attinger
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 1511–1526, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-1511-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-1511-2020, 2020
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Groundwater mean residence times of a subtropical barrier sand island
Harald Hofmann, Dean Newborn, Ian Cartwright, Dioni I. Cendón, and Matthias Raiber
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 1293–1318, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-1293-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-1293-2020, 2020
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On the conceptual complexity of non-point source management: impact of spatial variability
Christopher Vincent Henri, Thomas Harter, and Efstathios Diamantopoulos
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 1189–1209, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-1189-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-1189-2020, 2020
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Cited articles

Abattouy, M. and Muhammad Al-Karaji, A.: A Mathematician Engineer from the Early 11th Century, Muslim Heritage, available at: http://www.3mpati.com/muslimheritage/muhammad-al-karaji/, last access: 10 June 2019. 
Abrarova, M. A.: The geometrical section of al-Karaji's treatise `Comprehensive book of arithmetic' (Russian), in: Mathematics and astronomy in the works of Ibn Sina, his contemporaries and successors (Tashkent, 1981), Tashkent, 118–125, 1981. 
Darcy, H.: Les Fontaines Publiques de la Ville de Dijon [The Public Fountains of the City of Dijon], Dalmont, Paris, 1856. 
Davis, S. N.: Discussion of “Exploring for hidden water” by Mohammad Karaji – The oldest textbook on hydrology?”, Groundwater, 11, 45, 1973. 
Duffy, C. J.: The terrestrial hydrologic cycle: an historical sense of balance, WIREs Water, 4, e1216, https://doi.org/10.1002/wat2.1216, 2017. 
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Short summary
We revisit and shed light on the textbook The Extraction of Hidden Waters by the Persian mathematician and engineer Abubakr Mohammad Karaji. Ground-breaking ideas and descriptions of hydrological and hydrogeological perceptions such as components of the hydrological cycle, groundwater quality and driving factors for groundwater flow were presented in the book. We speculate that Karaji's book is the first of its kind to provide a construction and maintenance manual for an engineering project.
We revisit and shed light on the textbook The Extraction of Hidden Waters by the Persian...
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