Articles | Volume 24, issue 2
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 761–769, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-761-2020

Special issue: History of hydrology (HESS/HGSS inter-journal SI)

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 761–769, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-761-2020

Education and communication 19 Feb 2020

Education and communication | 19 Feb 2020

The millennium-old hydrogeology textbook The Extraction of Hidden Waters by the Persian mathematician and engineer Abubakr Mohammad Karaji (953 CE–1029 CE)

Behzad Ataie-Ashtiani and Craig T. Simmons

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Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Peer-review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (further review by editor) (07 Dec 2019) by Keith Beven
AR by Behzad Ataie-Ashtiani on behalf of the Authors (17 Dec 2019)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (23 Jan 2020) by Keith Beven
AR by Behzad Ataie-Ashtiani on behalf of the Authors (24 Jan 2020)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (25 Jan 2020) by Keith Beven
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Short summary
We revisit and shed light on the textbook The Extraction of Hidden Waters by the Persian mathematician and engineer Abubakr Mohammad Karaji. Ground-breaking ideas and descriptions of hydrological and hydrogeological perceptions such as components of the hydrological cycle, groundwater quality and driving factors for groundwater flow were presented in the book. We speculate that Karaji's book is the first of its kind to provide a construction and maintenance manual for an engineering project.