Articles | Volume 24, issue 11
Research article
14 Nov 2020
Research article |  | 14 Nov 2020

The role of household adaptation measures in reducing vulnerability to flooding: a coupled agent-based and flood modelling approach

Yared Abayneh Abebe, Amineh Ghorbani, Igor Nikolic, Natasa Manojlovic, Angelika Gruhn, and Zoran Vojinovic

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Cited articles

Abdulkareem, S. A., Augustijn, E.-W., Mustafa, Y. T., and Filatova, T.: Intelligent judgements over health risks in a spatial agent-based model, Int. J. Health Geogr., 17, 8,, 2018. 
Abebe, Y. A., Ghorbani, A., Nikolic, I., Vojinovic, Z., and Sanchez, A.: A coupled flood-agent-institution modelling (CLAIM) framework for urban flood risk management, Environ. Modell. Softw., 111, 483–492,, 2019a. 
Abebe, Y. A., Ghorbani, A., Nikolic, I., Vojinovic, Z., and Sanchez, A.: Flood risk management in Sint Maarten – A coupled agent-based and flood modelling method, J. Environ. Manag., 248, 109317,, 2019b. 
Abebe, Y. A.: Coupled ABM-Flood Model Hamburg, GitHub, available at:, last access: 3 June 2020. 
Birkholz, S. A.: The prospect of flooding and the motivation to prepare in contrasting urban communities: A qualitative exploration of Protection Motivation Theory, Cranfield University, Cranfield, UK, available at: (last access: 11 July 2019), 2014. 
Short summary
The paper presents a coupled agent-based and flood model for Hamburg, Germany. It explores residents’ adaptation behaviour in relation to flood event scenarios, economic incentives and shared and individual strategies. We found that unique trajectories of adaptation behaviour emerge from different flood event series. Providing subsidies improves adaptation behaviour in the long run. The coupled modelling technique allows the role of individual measures in flood risk management to be examined.