Articles | Volume 24, issue 1
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 349–379, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-349-2020

Special issue: Understanding and predicting Earth system and hydrological...

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 349–379, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-349-2020

Research article 24 Jan 2020

Research article | 24 Jan 2020

On the configuration and initialization of a large-scale hydrological land surface model to represent permafrost

Mohamed E. Elshamy et al.

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Cited articles

Alexeev, V. A., Nicolsky, D. J., Romanovsky, V. E., and Lawrence, D. M.: An evaluation of deep soil configurations in the CLM3 for improved representation of permafrost, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L09502, https://doi.org/10.1029/2007GL029536, 2007. 
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Bachu, S.: Basement heat flow in the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin, Tectonophysics, 222, 119–133, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-1951(93)90194-O, 1993. 
Bahremand, A., Razavi, S., Pietroniro, A., Haghnegahdar, A., Princz, D., Gharari, S., Elshamy, M., and Tesemma, Z.: Application of MESH Land Surface-Hydrology Model to a Large River Basin in Iran Model Prospective works, in: Canadian Geophysical Union General Assembly, 10–14 June 2018, Niagara Falls, Canada, p. 3, 2018. 
Best, M. J., Pryor, M., Clark, D. B., Rooney, G. G., Essery, R. L. H., Ménard, C. B., Edwards, J. M., Hendry, M. A., Porson, A., Gedney, N., Mercado, L. M., Sitch, S., Blyth, E., Boucher, O., Cox, P. M., Grimmond, C. S. B., and Harding, R. J.: The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES), model description – Part 1: Energy and water fluxes, Geosci. Model Dev., 4, 677–699, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-4-677-2011, 2011. 
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Short summary
Permafrost is an important feature of cold-region hydrology and needs to be properly represented in hydrological and land surface models (H-LSMs), especially under the observed and expected climate warming trends. This study aims to devise a robust, yet computationally efficient, initialization and parameterization approach for permafrost. We used permafrost observations from three sites along the Mackenzie River valley spanning different permafrost classes to test the validity of the approach.