Articles | Volume 27, issue 2
Research article
19 Jan 2023
Research article |  | 19 Jan 2023

The origin of hydrological responses following earthquakes in a confined aquifer: insight from water level, flow rate, and temperature observations

Shouchuan Zhang, Zheming Shi, Guangcai Wang, Zuochen Zhang, and Huaming Guo

Related subject area

Subject: Groundwater hydrology | Techniques and Approaches: Modelling approaches
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Cited articles

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Brodsky, E. E., Roeloffs, E., Woodcock, D., Gall, I., and Manga, M.: A mechanism for sustained groundwater pressure changes induced by distant earthquakes, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea., 108, 2390,, 2003. 
CEA: The observation method of earthquake-related underground fluid: Observation of water level in well, DB/T 48-2012, China Earthquake Administration, (last access: 13 January 2023), 2012. 
Chien, S. H. J., Chi, W. C., and Ke, C. C.: Precursory and coseismic groundwater temperature perturbation: An example from Taiwan, J. Hydrol., 582, 10,, 2020. 
Deng, J., Wang, Q., Gao, L., He, W., Yang, Z., Zhang, S., Chang, L., Li, G., Sun, X., and Zhou, D.: Differential crustal rotation and its control on giant ore clusters along the eastern margin of Tibet, Geology, 49, 428–432,, 2020. 
Short summary
We documented the step-like increases of water level, flow rate, and water temperatures in a confined aquifer following multiple earthquakes. By employing tidal analysis and a coupled temperature and flow rate model, we find that post-seismic vertical permeability changes and recharge model could explain the co-seismic response. And co-seismic temperature changes are caused by mixing of different volumes of water, with the mixing ratio varying according to each earthquake.