Articles | Volume 23, issue 12
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 5175–5198, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-5175-2019
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 5175–5198, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-5175-2019
Research article
19 Dec 2019
Research article | 19 Dec 2019

A three-dimensional palaeohydrogeological reconstruction of the groundwater salinity distribution in the Nile Delta Aquifer

Joeri van Engelen et al.

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Cited articles

Abdel Aal, A., El Barkooky, A., Gerrits, M., Meyer, H., Schwander, M., and Zaki, H.: Tectonic evolution of the Eastern Mediterranean Basin and its significance for hydrocarbon prospectivity in the ultradeepwater of the Nile Delta, Lead. Edge, 19, 1086, https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1438485, 2000. 
Abdel-Fattah, M. I.: Petrophysical characteristics of the messinian abu madi formation in the baltim east and north fields, offshore Nile delta, Egypt, J. Petrol. Geol., 37, 183–195, https://doi.org/10.1111/jpg.12577, 2014. 
Barrett, R., Berry, M., Chan, T. F., Demmel, J., Donato, J., Dongarra, J., Eijkhout, V., Pozo, R., Romine, C., and van der Vorst, H.: Templates for the Solution of Linear Systems: Building Blocks for Iterative Methods, Math. Comput., 64, 1349, https://doi.org/10.2307/2153507, 2006. 
Barrocu, G. and Dahab, K.: Changing climate and saltwater intrusion in the Nile Delta, Egypt, in: Groundwater Response to a changing Climate, edited by: Makato, T. and Holman, I., Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 11–25, 2010. 
Biswas, A. K.: Land Resources for Sustainable Agricultural Development in Egypt, Ambio, 22, 556–560, 1993. 
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Short summary
The Nile Delta is an important agricultural area with a fast-growing population, relying increasingly on groundwater. However, saline groundwater extends far land-inward, rendering groundwater close to the coastal zone useless for consumption or agriculture. It normally is assumed that this is caused by mixing due to velocity differences, but here we show that it might also be caused by the coastline being located more land-inward 8000 years ago.