Articles | Volume 22, issue 7
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-22-3965-2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-22-3965-2018
Research article
 | 
20 Jul 2018
Research article |  | 20 Jul 2018

Water ages in the critical zone of long-term experimental sites in northern latitudes

Matthias Sprenger, Doerthe Tetzlaff, Jim Buttle, Hjalmar Laudon, and Chris Soulsby

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Cited articles

Ala-aho, P., Tetzlaff, D., McNamara, J. P., Laudon, H., Kormos, P., and Soulsby, C.: Modeling the isotopic evolution of snowpack and snowmelt: testing a spatially distributed parsimonious approach, Water Resour. Res., 53, 5813–5830, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017WR020650, 2017a. 
Ala-aho, P., Tetzlaff, D., McNamara, J. P., Laudon, H., and Soulsby, C.: Using isotopes to constrain water flux and age estimates in snow-influenced catchments using the STARR (Spatially distributed Tracer-Aided Rainfall–Runoff) model, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 5089–5110, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-21-5089-2017, 2017b. 
Ali, M., Fiori, A., and Russo, D.: A comparison of travel-time based catchment transport models, with application to numerical experiments, J. Hydrol., 511, 605–618, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.02.010, 2014. 
Allen, R. G., Pereira, L. S., Raes, D., and Smith, M.: Crop evapotranspiration-Guidelines for computing crop water requirements-FAO Irrigation and drainage paper 56, FAO, Rome, 300, D05109, 1998. 
Asano, Y., Uchida, T., and Ohte, N.: Residence times and flow paths of water in steep unchannelled catchments, Tanakami, Japan, J. Hydrol., 261, 173–192, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(02)00005-7, 2002. 
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Short summary
We estimated water ages in the upper critical zone with a soil physical model (SWIS) and found that the age of water stored in the soil, as well as of water leaving the soil via evaporation, transpiration, or recharge, was younger the higher soil water storage (inverse storage effect). Travel times of transpiration and evaporation were different. We conceptualized the subsurface into fast and slow flow domains and the water was usually half as young in the fast as in the slow flow domain.