Articles | Volume 23, issue 1
Research article
28 Jan 2019
Research article |  | 28 Jan 2019

Using phase lags to evaluate model biases in simulating the diurnal cycle of evapotranspiration: a case study in Luxembourg

Maik Renner, Claire Brenner, Kaniska Mallick, Hans-Dieter Wizemann, Luigi Conte, Ivonne Trebs, Jianhui Wei, Volker Wulfmeyer, Karsten Schulz, and Axel Kleidon

Related authors

Imprints of evaporative conditions and vegetation type in diurnal temperature variations
Annu Panwar, Maik Renner, and Axel Kleidon
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 4923–4942,,, 2020
Short summary
ESD Reviews: Thermodynamic optimality in Earth sciences. The missing constraints in modeling Earth system dynamics?
Martijn Westhoff, Axel Kleidon, Stan Schymanski, Benjamin Dewals, Femke Nijsse, Maik Renner, Henk Dijkstra, Hisashi Ozawa, Hubert Savenije, Han Dolman, Antoon Meesters, and Erwin Zehe
Earth Syst. Dynam. Discuss.,,, 2019
Publication in ESD not foreseen
Short summary
Diurnal land surface energy balance partitioning estimated from the thermodynamic limit of a cold heat engine
Axel Kleidon and Maik Renner
Earth Syst. Dynam., 9, 1127–1140,,, 2018
Short summary
An explanation for the different climate sensitivities of land and ocean surfaces based on the diurnal cycle
Axel Kleidon and Maik Renner
Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 849–864,,, 2017
Short summary
Dominant controls of transpiration along a hillslope transect inferred from ecohydrological measurements and thermodynamic limits
Maik Renner, Sibylle K. Hassler, Theresa Blume, Markus Weiler, Anke Hildebrandt, Marcus Guderle, Stanislaus J. Schymanski, and Axel Kleidon
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 2063–2083,,, 2016
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Hydrometeorology | Techniques and Approaches: Remote Sensing and GIS
Improved soil evaporation remote sensing retrieval algorithms and associated uncertainty analysis on the Tibetan Plateau
Jin Feng, Ke Zhang, Huijie Zhan, and Lijun Chao
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 27, 363–383,,, 2023
Short summary
SMPD: a soil moisture-based precipitation downscaling method for high-resolution daily satellite precipitation estimation
Kunlong He, Wei Zhao, Luca Brocca, and Pere Quintana-Seguí
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 27, 169–190,,, 2023
Short summary
Evaluating the accuracy of gridded water resources reanalysis and evapotranspiration products for assessing water security in poorly gauged basins
Elias Nkiaka, Robert G. Bryant, Joshua Ntajal, and Eliézer I. Biao
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 5899–5916,,, 2022
Short summary
Attribution of global evapotranspiration trends based on the Budyko framework
Shijie Li, Guojie Wang, Chenxia Zhu, Jiao Lu, Waheed Ullah, Daniel Fiifi Tawia Hagan, Giri Kattel, and Jian Peng
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 3691–3707,,, 2022
Short summary
The influence of vegetation water dynamics on the ASCAT backscatter–incidence angle relationship in the Amazon
Ashwini Petchiappan, Susan C. Steele-Dunne, Mariette Vreugdenhil, Sebastian Hahn, Wolfgang Wagner, and Rafael Oliveira
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 2997–3019,,, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Alduchov, O. A. and Eskridge, R. E.: Improved Magnus Form Approximation of Saturation Vapor Pressure, J. Appl. Meteor., 35, 601–609,<0601:IMFAOS>2.0.CO;2, 1996. 
Allen, R. G., Pereira, L. S., Raes, D., and Smith, M.: Crop evapotranspiration – Guidelines for computing crop water requirements, FAO Irrigation and drainage paper 56, FAO, Rome, 300, 6541, 1998. 
Bastiaanssen, W. G. M., Menenti, M., Feddes, R. A., and Holtslag, A. A. M.: A remote sensing surface energy balance algorithm for land (SEBAL). 1. Formulation, J. Hydrol., 212–213, 198–212,, 1998. 
Beljaars, A. C. M. and Bosveld, F. C.: Cabauw Data for the Validation of Land Surface Parameterization Schemes, J. Climate, 10, 1172–1193,<1172:CDFTVO>2.0.CO;2, 1997. 
Short summary
We estimate the phase lag of surface states and heat fluxes to incoming solar radiation at the sub-daily timescale. While evapotranspiration reveals a minor phase lag, the vapor pressure deficit used as input by Penman–Monteith approaches shows a large phase lag. The surface-to-air temperature gradient used by energy balance residual approaches shows a small phase shift in agreement with the sensible heat flux and thus explains the better correlation of these models at the sub-daily timescale.