Articles | Volume 21, issue 3
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 1791–1808, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-21-1791-2017
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 1791–1808, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-21-1791-2017

Research article 28 Mar 2017

Research article | 28 Mar 2017

Quantifying hydrologic connectivity of wetlands to surface water systems

Ali A. Ameli and Irena F. Creed

Related subject area

Subject: Catchment hydrology | Techniques and Approaches: Modelling approaches
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Cited articles

Ameli, A. A.: Controls on subsurface transport of sorbing contaminant, Hydrol. Res., https://doi.org/10.2166/nh.2016.170, 2016.
Ameli, A. A. and Craig, J. R.: Semianalytical series solutions for three-dimensional groundwater-surface water interaction, Water Resour. Res., 50, 3893–3906, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014WR015394, 2014.
Ameli, A. A., Amvrosiadi, N., Grabs, T., Laudon, H., Creed, I., McDonnell, J., and Bishop, K.: Hillslope permeability architecture controls on subsurface transit time distribution and flow paths, J. Hydrol., 543, 17–30, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.04.071, 2016a.
Ameli, A. A., McDonnell , J. J., and Bishop, K.: The exponential decline in saturated hydraulic conductivity with depth and its effect on water flow paths and transit time distribution, Hydrolog. Process., 30, 2438–2450, https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.10777, 2016b.
Ameli, A. A., Beven, K., Erlandsson, M., Creed, I., McDonnell, J., and Bishop, K.: Primary weathering rates, water transit times and concentration-discharge relations: A theoretical analysis for the critical zone, Water Resour. Res., 53, 942–960, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016WR019448, 2017.
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Short summary
Hydrologic connectivity of geographically isolated wetlands is poorly understood. We develop a model to characterize both the subsurface and surface hydrologic connectivity of these wetlands within the Prairie Pothole Region of North America. We show they are not isolated but have surface and subsurface hydrologic connections that vary in time and distance traveled to reach the river. Distance from the river, which is used to protect wetlands, is not an effective proxy of connectivity.