Articles | Volume 21, issue 8
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-21-4149-2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-21-4149-2017
Research article
 | 
22 Aug 2017
Research article |  | 22 Aug 2017

Evaporation from cultivated and semi-wild Sudanian Savanna in west Africa

Natalie C. Ceperley, Theophile Mande, Nick van de Giesen, Scott Tyler, Hamma Yacouba, and Marc B. Parlange

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Cited articles

Abiodun, B. J., Pal, J. S., Afiesimama, E. A., Gutowski, W. J., and Adedoyin, A.: Simulation of West African monsoon using RegCM3 Part II: impacts of deforestation and desertification, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 93, 245–261, 2008.
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Alves, J. P. G.: Anthropologie et écosystèmes au Niger: humains, lions et esprits de la forêt dans la culture gourmantché, Editions Harmattan, Paris, France, 448 pp., 2012.
Arbonnier, M.: Trees, Shrubs and lianas of West African dry Zones, CIRAD, MNHN, Montpellier, France, 2004.
Aubinet, M., Feigenwinter, C., Heinesch, B., Laffineur, Q., Papale, D., Reichstein, M., Rinne, J., and Gorsel, E. V.: Nighttime Flux Correction, in: Eddy Covariance, edited by: Aubinet, M., Vesala, T., and Papale, D., Springer Netherlands, 133–157, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2351-1, 2012.
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We relate land cover (savanna forest and agriculture) to evaporation in Burkina Faso, west Africa. We observe more evaporation and temperature movement over the savanna forest in the headwater area relative to the agricultural section of the watershed. We find that the fraction of available energy converted to evaporation relates to vegetation cover and soil moisture. From the results, evaporation can be calculated where ground-based measurements are lacking, frequently the case across Africa.