Articles | Volume 22, issue 5
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 3007–3032, 2018
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 3007–3032, 2018

Research article 22 May 2018

Research article | 22 May 2018

A spatially detailed blue water footprint of the United States economy

Richard R. Rushforth and Benjamin L. Ruddell

Related authors

Technical note: “Bit by bit”: a practical and general approach for evaluating model computational complexity vs. model performance
Elnaz Azmi, Uwe Ehret, Steven V. Weijs, Benjamin L. Ruddell, and Rui A. P. Perdigão
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 1103–1115,,, 2021
Short summary
HESS Opinions: How should a future water census address consumptive use? (And where can we substitute withdrawal data while we wait?)
Benjamin L. Ruddell
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 5551–5558,,, 2018
Short summary
Enhancing the T-shaped learning profile when teaching hydrology using data, modeling, and visualization activities
Christopher A. Sanchez, Benjamin L. Ruddell, Roy Schiesser, and Venkatesh Merwade
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 1289–1299,,, 2016
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Water Resources Management | Techniques and Approaches: Modelling approaches
Impact of the quality of hydrological forecasts on the management and revenue of hydroelectric reservoirs – a conceptual approach
Manon Cassagnole, Maria-Helena Ramos, Ioanna Zalachori, Guillaume Thirel, Rémy Garçon, Joël Gailhard, and Thomas Ouillon
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 1033–1052,,, 2021
A novel causal structure-based framework for comparing a basin-wide water–energy–food–ecology nexus applied to the data-limited Amu Darya and Syr Darya river basins
Haiyang Shi, Geping Luo, Hongwei Zheng, Chunbo Chen, Olaf Hellwich, Jie Bai, Tie Liu, Shuang Liu, Jie Xue, Peng Cai, Huili He, Friday Uchenna Ochege, Tim Van de Voorde, and Philippe de Maeyer
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 901–925,,, 2021
Short summary
Projection of irrigation water demand based on the simulation of synthetic crop coefficients and climate change
Michel Le Page, Younes Fakir, Lionel Jarlan, Aaron Boone, Brahim Berjamy, Saïd Khabba, and Mehrez Zribi
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 637–651,,, 2021
Short summary
Comparative analysis of kernel-based versus ANN and deep learning methods in monthly reference evapotranspiration estimation
Mohammad Taghi Sattari, Halit Apaydin, Shahab S. Band, Amir Mosavi, and Ramendra Prasad
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 603–618,,, 2021
Short summary
Assessing the value of seasonal hydrological forecasts for improving water resource management: insights from a pilot application in the UK
Andres Peñuela, Christopher Hutton, and Francesca Pianosi
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 6059–6073,,, 2020
Short summary

Cited articles

Allan, J. A.: Virtual Water: A Strategic Resource Global Solutions to Regional Deficits, Ground Water, 36, 545–546,, 1998. 
Allan, J. A.: Virtual water-the water, food, and trade nexus. Useful concept or misleading metaphor?, Water int., 28, 106–113, 2003. 
Archfield, S., Vogel, R., Steeves, P., Brandt, S., Weiskel, P., and Garabedian, S.: The Massachusetts Sustainable-Yield Estimator: A decision-support tool to assess water availability at ungaged sites in Massachusetts, US Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009–5227, 1-41, 2010. 
Bialek, J.: Identification of source-sink connections in transmission networks, in Fourth International Conference on Power System Control and Management (Conf. Publ. No. 421), 200–204.,, 1996. 
Bialek, J.: Tracing the flow of electricity, IEE Proceedings-Generation, Transmission and Distribution, 143, 313–320, 1996b. 
Short summary
The National Water Economy Database is a new data resource to better understand the human economy's water use impact on the hydrosphere. NWED quantifies and maps a spatially detailed and economically complete blue water footprint for the United States, utilizing several datasets: US Geological Survey, the US Department of Agriculture, the US Energy Information Administration, the US Department of Transportation, the US Department of Energy, and the US Bureau of Labor Statistics.