Articles | Volume 20, issue 5
Research article
11 May 2016
Research article |  | 11 May 2016

High-frequency monitoring reveals nutrient sources and transport processes in an agriculture-dominated lowland water system

Bas van der Grift, Hans Peter Broers, Wilbert Berendrecht, Joachim Rozemeijer, Leonard Osté, and Jasper Griffioen

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Cited articles

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APHA-AWWA-WPCF: Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water, edited by: Clesceri, G., Trussell, American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C., 1268 pp., 1989.
Baken, S., Verbeeck, M., Verheyen, D., Diels, J., and Smolders, E.: Phosphorus losses from agricultural land to natural waters are reduced by immobilization in iron-rich sediments of drainage ditches, Water Res., 71, 160–170, 2015.
Berendrecht, W. L., Heemink, A. W., van Geer, F. C., and Gehrels, J. C.: Decoupling of modeling and measuring interval in groundwater time series analysis based on response characteristics, J. Hydrol., 278, 1–16,, 2003.
Bieroza, M. Z., Heathwaite, A. L., Mullinger, N. J., and Keenan, P. O.: Understanding nutrient biogeochemistry in agricultural catchments: The challenge of appropriate monitoring frequencies, Environ. Sci. Process. Imp., 16, 1676–1691,, 2014.
Short summary
High-frequency water quality measurements at a pumping station where excess water is pumped out of a polder catchment have indicated that nitrate from agricultural areas is drained away relatively quickly in wet periods, but that phosphate is actually retained much more in polder systems than in free drainage areas. Phosphate emissions occur, therefore, not predominantly in winter, but due to the delayed release from the bed sediments and by feeding from the groundwater, rather in summer.