Articles | Volume 24, issue 9
Review article
22 Sep 2020
Review article |  | 22 Sep 2020

Hydrology and beyond: the scientific work of August Colding revisited

Dan Rosbjerg

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Cited articles

Bazin, H.: Recherches hydrauliques sur l'écoulement de l'eau dans les canaux découvertes et sur la propagation des endes, Dunod, Paris, France, 1865. 
Boileau, P. P.: Traité de la mesure des eaux courantes, Mallet-Bachelier, Paris, France, 1854. 
Brutsaert, W.: Hydrology – An introduction, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2005. 
Caneva, K.: Colding, Ørsted, and the meanings of force, Hist. Stud. Phys. Biol., 28, 1–138, 1998. 
Colding, L. A.: Nogle Sætninger om Kræfterne (Treatise concerning forces), printed 1856 in Videnskabernes Selskabs (Note: “Videnskabernes Selskab” refers to “The Royal Danish Society of Sciences and Letters”) Forhandlinger, 3–20, 1843/1856. 
Short summary
August Colding contributed the first law of thermodynamics, evaporation from water and grass, steady free surfaces in conduits, the cross-sectional velocity distribution in conduits, a complete theory for the Gulf Stream, air speed in cyclones, the piezometric surface in confined aquifers, the unconfined elliptic water table in soil between drain pipes, and the wind-induced set-up in the sea during storms.