Articles | Volume 24, issue 4
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-2141-2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-2141-2020
Research article
 | 
30 Apr 2020
Research article |  | 30 Apr 2020

Assessing the factors governing the ability to predict late-spring flooding in cold-region mountain basins

Vincent Vionnet, Vincent Fortin, Etienne Gaborit, Guy Roy, Maria Abrahamowicz, Nicolas Gasset, and John W. Pomeroy

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Cited articles

Alavi, N., Bélair, S., Fortin, V., Zhang, S., Husain, S. Z., Carrera, M. L., and Abrahamowicz, M.: Warm Season Evaluation of Soil Moisture Prediction in the Soil, Vegetation, and Snow (SVS) Scheme, J. Hydrometeorol. 17, 2315–2332, https://doi.org/10.1175/jhm-d-15-0189.1, 2016. 
Anquetin, S., Braud, I., Vannier, O., Viallet, P., Boudevillain, B., Creutin, J. D., and Manus, C: Sensitivity of the hydrological response to the variability of rainfall fields and soils for the Gard 2002 flash-flood event, J. Hydrol., 394, 134–147, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.07.002, 2010. 
Barrett, A. P.: National operational hydrologic remote sensing center snow data assimilation system (SNODAS) products at NSIDC, National Snow, Ice Data Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences Boulder, CO, 2003. 
Bélair, S., Crevier, L. P., Mailhot, J., Bilodeau, B., and Delage, Y.: Operational implementation of the ISBA land surface scheme in the Canadian regional weather forecast model. Part I: Warm season results, J. Hydrometeorol., 4, 352–370, https://doi.org/10.1175/1525-7541(2003)4<352:oiotil>2.0.co;2, 2003a. 
Bélair, S., Brown, R., Mailhot, J., Bilodeau, B., and Crevier, L. P.: Operational implementation of the ISBA land surface scheme in the Canadian regional weather forecast model. Part II: Cold season results, J. Hydrometeorol., 4, 371–386, https://doi.org/10.1175/1525-7541(2003)4<371:oiotil>2.0.co;2, 2003b. 
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Short summary
The 2013 Alberta flood in Canada was typical of late-spring floods in mountain basins combining intense precipitation with rapid melting of late-lying snowpack. Hydrological simulations of this event are mainly influenced by (i) the spatial resolution of the atmospheric forcing due to the best estimate of precipitation at the kilometer scale and changes in turbulent fluxes contributing to snowmelt and (ii) uncertainties in initial snow conditions at high elevations. Soil texture has less impact.