Articles | Volume 19, issue 3
Research article
25 Mar 2015
Research article |  | 25 Mar 2015

A global data set of the extent of irrigated land from 1900 to 2005

S. Siebert, M. Kummu, M. Porkka, P. Döll, N. Ramankutty, and B. R. Scanlon

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Cited articles

Achtnich, W.: Bewässerungslandbau, Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart, Germany, 1980.
Biemans, H., Haddeland, I., Kabat, P., Ludwig, F., Hutjes, R. W. A., Heinke, J., von Bloh, W., and Gerten, D.: Impact of reservoirs on river discharge and irrigation water supply during the 20th century, Water Resour. Res., 47, W03509,, 2011.
Boserup, E.: The conditions of agricultural growth. The economics of agrarian change under population pressure, Aldine, Chicago, 1965.
Bowman, I. (Ed.): Irrigation map of the West, 1911, in: Forest Physiography, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1911.
Bruinsma, J.: The resource outlook to 2050. By how much do land, water use and crop yields need to increase by 2050?, FAO, Rome, Italy, 33 pp., 2009.
Short summary
We developed the historical irrigation data set (HID) depicting the spatio-temporal development of the area equipped for irrigation (AEI) between 1900 and 2005 at 5arcmin resolution. The HID reflects very well the spatial patterns of irrigated land as shown on two historical maps for 1910 and 1960. Global AEI increased from 63 million ha (Mha) in 1900 to 111 Mha in 1950 and 306 Mha in 2005. Mean aridity on irrigated land increased and mean natural river discharge decreased from 1900 to 1950.