Articles | Volume 25, issue 7
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 3805–3818, 2021
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 3805–3818, 2021

Research article 02 Jul 2021

Research article | 02 Jul 2021

Long-term relative decline in evapotranspiration with increasing runoff on fractional land surfaces

Ren Wang et al.

Related authors

Increased vulnerability of European ecosystems to two compound dry and hot summers in 2018 and 2019
Ana Bastos, René Orth, Markus Reichstein, Philippe Ciais, Nicolas Viovy, Sönke Zaehle, Peter Anthoni, Almut Arneth, Pierre Gentine, Emilie Joetzjer, Sebastian Lienert, Tammas Loughran, Patrick C. McGuire, Sungmin O, Julia Pongratz, and Stephen Sitch
Earth Syst. Dynam. Discuss.,,, 2021
Preprint under review for ESD
Short summary
Patterns of plant rehydration and growth following pulses of soil moisture availability
Andrew F. Feldman, Daniel J. Short Gianotti, Alexandra G. Konings, Pierre Gentine, and Dara Entekhabi
Biogeosciences, 18, 831–847,,, 2021
Short summary
Emergent constraints on equilibrium climate sensitivity in CMIP5: do they hold for CMIP6?
Manuel Schlund, Axel Lauer, Pierre Gentine, Steven C. Sherwood, and Veronika Eyring
Earth Syst. Dynam., 11, 1233–1258,,, 2020
Short summary
Heat stored in the Earth system: where does the energy go?
Karina von Schuckmann, Lijing Cheng, Matthew D. Palmer, James Hansen, Caterina Tassone, Valentin Aich, Susheel Adusumilli, Hugo Beltrami, Tim Boyer, Francisco José Cuesta-Valero, Damien Desbruyères, Catia Domingues, Almudena García-García, Pierre Gentine, John Gilson, Maximilian Gorfer, Leopold Haimberger, Masayoshi Ishii, Gregory C. Johnson, Rachel Killick, Brian A. King, Gottfried Kirchengast, Nicolas Kolodziejczyk, John Lyman, Ben Marzeion, Michael Mayer, Maeva Monier, Didier Paolo Monselesan, Sarah Purkey, Dean Roemmich, Axel Schweiger, Sonia I. Seneviratne, Andrew Shepherd, Donald A. Slater, Andrea K. Steiner, Fiammetta Straneo, Mary-Louise Timmermans, and Susan E. Wijffels
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 2013–2041,,, 2020
Short summary
Projected increases in magnitude and socioeconomic exposure of global droughts in 1.5 and 2 °C warmer climates
Lei Gu, Jie Chen, Jiabo Yin, Sylvia C. Sullivan, Hui-Min Wang, Shenglian Guo, Liping Zhang, and Jong-Suk Kim
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 451–472,,, 2020
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Hydrometeorology | Techniques and Approaches: Modelling approaches
Improved parameterization of snow albedo in Noah coupled with Weather Research and Forecasting: applicability to snow estimates for the Tibetan Plateau
Lian Liu, Yaoming Ma, Massimo Menenti, Rongmingzhu Su, Nan Yao, and Weiqiang Ma
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 4967–4981,,, 2021
Short summary
A 10 km North American precipitation and land-surface reanalysis based on the GEM atmospheric model
Nicolas Gasset, Vincent Fortin, Milena Dimitrijevic, Marco Carrera, Bernard Bilodeau, Ryan Muncaster, Étienne Gaborit, Guy Roy, Nedka Pentcheva, Maxim Bulat, Xihong Wang, Radenko Pavlovic, Franck Lespinas, Dikra Khedhaouiria, and Juliane Mai
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 4917–4945,,, 2021
Short summary
Contribution of moisture sources to precipitation changes in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region
Ying Li, Chenghao Wang, Hui Peng, Shangbin Xiao, and Denghua Yan
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 4759–4772,,, 2021
Short summary
Impacts of land use and land cover change and reforestation on summer rainfall in the Yangtze River basin
Wei Li, Lu Li, Jie Chen, Qian Lin, and Hua Chen
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 4531–4548,,, 2021
Short summary
Mass balance and hydrological modeling of the Hardangerjøkulen ice cap in south-central Norway
Trude Eidhammer, Adam Booth, Sven Decker, Lu Li, Michael Barlage, David Gochis, Roy Rasmussen, Kjetil Melvold, Atle Nesje, and Stefan Sobolowski
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 4275–4297,,, 2021
Short summary

Cited articles

Alkama, R., Marchand, L., Ribes, A., and Decharme, B.: Detection of global runoff changes: results from observations and CMIP5 experiments, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 2967–2979,, 2013. 
Baruga, C. K., Kim, D., and Choi, M.: A national-scale drought assessment in Uganda based on evapotranspiration deficits from the Bouchet hypothesis, J. Hydrol., 580, 124348,, 2020. 
Berg, A., Findell, K., Lintner, B., Giannini, A., Seneviratne, S. I., van den Hurk, B., Lorenz, R., Pitman, A., Hagemann, S., Meier, A., Cheruy, F., Ducharne, A., Malyshev, S., and Milly, P. C. D.: Land-atmosphere feedbacks amplify aridity increase over land under global warming, Nat. Clim. Change, 6, 869–874,, 2016. 
Biasutti, M.: Rainfall trends in the African Sahel: Characteristics, processes, and causes, WIREs Clim. Change, 10, e591,, 2019. 
Bosmans, J. H. C., van Beek, L. P. H., Sutanudjaja, E. H., and Bierkens, M. F. P.: Hydrological impacts of global land cover change and human water use, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 5603–5626,, 2017. 
Short summary
Assessment of changes in the global water cycle has been a challenge. This study estimated long-term global latent heat and sensible heat fluxes for recent decades using machine learning and ground observations. The results found that the decline in evaporative fraction was typically accompanied by an increase in long-term runoff in over 27.06 % of the global land areas. The observation-driven findings emphasized that surface vegetation has great impacts in regulating water and energy cycles.