A reexamination of the dry gets drier and wet gets wetter paradigm over global land: insight from terrestrial water storage changes
Abstract. The “dry gets drier and wet gets wetter” (DDWW) paradigm has been widely used to summarize the expected trends of the global hydrologic cycle under climate change. However, the paradigm is challenged over land due to different measures and datasets, and is still unexplored from the perspective of terrestrial water storage anomaly (TWSA). Considering the essential role of TWSA in wetting and drying of the land surface, here we built upon a large ensemble of TWSA datasets including satellite-based products, global hydrological models, land surface models, and global climate models to evaluate the DDWW hypothesis during the historical (1985–2014) and future (2071–2100) periods under various scenarios. We find that 27.1 % of global land confirms the DDWW paradigm, while 22.4 % of the area shows the opposite pattern during the historical period. In the future, the DDWW paradigm is still challenged with the percentage supporting the pattern lower than 20 %, and both the DDWW-validated and DDWW-opposed proportion increase along with the intensification of emission scenarios. Our findings will provide insights and implications for global wetting and drying trends from the perspective of TWSA under climate change.
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