Articles | Volume 21, issue 11
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 5503–5515, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-21-5503-2017
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 5503–5515, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-21-5503-2017
Research article
10 Nov 2017
Research article | 10 Nov 2017

Liquid water infiltration into a layered snowpack: evaluation of a 3-D water transport model with laboratory experiments

Hiroyuki Hirashima et al.

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Cited articles

Adachi, S., Yamaguchi, S., Ozeki, T., and Kose, K.: Hysteresis in the water retention curve of snow measured using an MRI system, Proceedings, International Snow Science Workshop, 16–21 September 2012, Anchorage, Alaska, USA, 918–922, 2012.
Avanzi, F., Hirashima, H., Yamaguchi, S., Katsushima, T., and De Michele, C.: Observations of capillary barriers and preferential flow in layered snow during cold laboratory experiments, The Cryosphere, 10, 2013–2026, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-2013-2016, 2016.
Avanzi, F., Petrucci, G., Matzl, M., Schneebeli, M., and De Michele, C.: Early formation of preferential flow in a homogeneous snowpack observed by micro-CT, Water Resour. Res., 53, 3713–3729, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016WR019502, 2017a.
Avanzi, F., Hirashima, H., and Yamaguchi, S.: Profiles of liquid water content and wet-snow fraction around capillary barriers in layered snow measured during infiltration experiments in a cold laboratory, PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.882524, 2017b.
Baggi, S. and Schweizer, J.: Characteristics of wet-snow avalanche activity: 20 years of observations from a high alpine valley (Dischma, Swizerland), Nat. Hazards, 50, 97–108, 2008.
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Short summary
We reproduced the formation of capillary barriers and the development of preferential flow through snow using a multi-dimensional water transport model, which was then validated using laboratory experiments of liquid water infiltration into layered, initially dry snow. Simulation results showed that the model reconstructs some relevant features of capillary barriers and the timing of liquid water arrival at the snow base.