Articles | Volume 21, issue 11
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 5503–5515, 2017
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 5503–5515, 2017
Research article
10 Nov 2017
Research article | 10 Nov 2017

Liquid water infiltration into a layered snowpack: evaluation of a 3-D water transport model with laboratory experiments

Hiroyuki Hirashima et al.

Related authors

Observations of capillary barriers and preferential flow in layered snow during cold laboratory experiments
Francesco Avanzi, Hiroyuki Hirashima, Satoru Yamaguchi, Takafumi Katsushima, and Carlo De Michele
The Cryosphere, 10, 2013–2026,,, 2016
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Snow and Ice | Techniques and Approaches: Modelling approaches
A snow and glacier hydrological model for large catchments – case study for the Naryn River, central Asia
Sarah Shannon, Anthony Payne, Jim Freer, Gemma Coxon, Martina Kauzlaric, David Kriegel, and Stephan Harrison
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 27, 453–480,,, 2023
Short summary
Precipitation biases and snow physics limitations drive the uncertainties in macroscale modeled snow water equivalent
Eunsang Cho, Carrie M. Vuyovich, Sujay V. Kumar, Melissa L. Wrzesien, Rhae Sung Kim, and Jennifer M. Jacobs
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 5721–5735,,, 2022
Short summary
Development and parameter estimation of snowmelt models using spatial snow-cover observations from MODIS
Dhiraj Raj Gyawali and András Bárdossy
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 3055–3077,,, 2022
Short summary
Climate sensitivity of the summer runoff of two glacierised Himalayan catchments with contrasting climate
Sourav Laha, Argha Banerjee, Ajit Singh, Parmanand Sharma, and Meloth Thamban
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss.,,, 2022
Revised manuscript accepted for HESS
Short summary
Recent hydrological response of glaciers in the Canadian Rockies to changing climate and glacier configuration
Dhiraj Pradhananga and John W. Pomeroy
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 2605–2616,,, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Adachi, S., Yamaguchi, S., Ozeki, T., and Kose, K.: Hysteresis in the water retention curve of snow measured using an MRI system, Proceedings, International Snow Science Workshop, 16–21 September 2012, Anchorage, Alaska, USA, 918–922, 2012.
Avanzi, F., Hirashima, H., Yamaguchi, S., Katsushima, T., and De Michele, C.: Observations of capillary barriers and preferential flow in layered snow during cold laboratory experiments, The Cryosphere, 10, 2013–2026,, 2016.
Avanzi, F., Petrucci, G., Matzl, M., Schneebeli, M., and De Michele, C.: Early formation of preferential flow in a homogeneous snowpack observed by micro-CT, Water Resour. Res., 53, 3713–3729,, 2017a.
Avanzi, F., Hirashima, H., and Yamaguchi, S.: Profiles of liquid water content and wet-snow fraction around capillary barriers in layered snow measured during infiltration experiments in a cold laboratory, PANGAEA,, 2017b.
Baggi, S. and Schweizer, J.: Characteristics of wet-snow avalanche activity: 20 years of observations from a high alpine valley (Dischma, Swizerland), Nat. Hazards, 50, 97–108, 2008.
Short summary
We reproduced the formation of capillary barriers and the development of preferential flow through snow using a multi-dimensional water transport model, which was then validated using laboratory experiments of liquid water infiltration into layered, initially dry snow. Simulation results showed that the model reconstructs some relevant features of capillary barriers and the timing of liquid water arrival at the snow base.