Articles | Volume 25, issue 4
Research article
20 Apr 2021
Research article |  | 20 Apr 2021

Learning about precipitation lapse rates from snow course data improves water balance modeling

Francesco Avanzi, Giulia Ercolani, Simone Gabellani, Edoardo Cremonese, Paolo Pogliotti, Gianluca Filippa, Umberto Morra di Cella, Sara Ratto, Hervè Stevenin, Marco Cauduro, and Stefano Juglair

Related authors

Water and Us: tales and hands-on laboratories to educate about sustainable and nonconflictual water resources management
Francesca Munerol, Francesco Avanzi, Eleonora Panizza, Marco Altamura, Simone Gabellani, Lara Polo, Marina Mantini, Barbara Alessandri, and Luca Ferraris
Geosci. Commun., 7, 1–15,,, 2024
Short summary
A random forest approach to quality-checking automatic snow-depth sensor measurements
Giulia Blandini, Francesco Avanzi, Simone Gabellani, Denise Ponziani, Hervé Stevenin, Sara Ratto, Luca Ferraris, and Alberto Viglione
The Cryosphere, 17, 5317–5333,,, 2023
Short summary
IT-SNOW: a snow reanalysis for Italy blending modeling, in situ data, and satellite observations (2010–2021)
Francesco Avanzi, Simone Gabellani, Fabio Delogu, Francesco Silvestro, Flavio Pignone, Giulia Bruno, Luca Pulvirenti, Giuseppe Squicciarino, Elisabetta Fiori, Lauro Rossi, Silvia Puca, Alexander Toniazzo, Pietro Giordano, Marco Falzacappa, Sara Ratto, Hervè Stevenin, Antonio Cardillo, Matteo Fioletti, Orietta Cazzuli, Edoardo Cremonese, Umberto Morra di Cella, and Luca Ferraris
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 15, 639–660,,, 2023
Short summary
Parameter transferability of a distributed hydrological model to droughts
Giulia Bruno, Doris Duethmann, Francesco Avanzi, Lorenzo Alfieri, Andrea Libertino, and Simone Gabellani
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss.,,, 2022
Manuscript not accepted for further review
Short summary
High-resolution satellite products improve hydrological modeling in northern Italy
Lorenzo Alfieri, Francesco Avanzi, Fabio Delogu, Simone Gabellani, Giulia Bruno, Lorenzo Campo, Andrea Libertino, Christian Massari, Angelica Tarpanelli, Dominik Rains, Diego G. Miralles, Raphael Quast, Mariette Vreugdenhil, Huan Wu, and Luca Brocca
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 3921–3939,,, 2022
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Snow and Ice | Techniques and Approaches: Modelling approaches
Debris cover effects on energy and mass balance of Batura Glacier in the Karakoram over the past 20 years
Yu Zhu, Shiyin Liu, Ben W. Brock, Lide Tian, Ying Yi, Fuming Xie, Donghui Shangguan, and Yiyuan Shen
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 28, 2023–2045,,, 2024
Short summary
The application and modification of WRF-Hydro/Glacier to a cold-based Antarctic glacier
Tamara Pletzer, Jonathan P. Conway, Nicolas J. Cullen, Trude Eidhammer, and Marwan Katurji
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 28, 459–478,,, 2024
Short summary
Spatio-temporal information propagation using sparse observations in hyper-resolution ensemble-based snow data assimilation
Esteban Alonso-González, Kristoffer Aalstad, Norbert Pirk, Marco Mazzolini, Désirée Treichler, Paul Leclercq, Sebastian Westermann, Juan Ignacio López-Moreno, and Simon Gascoin
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 27, 4637–4659,,, 2023
Short summary
Simulated hydrological effects of grooming and snowmaking in a ski resort on the local water balance
Samuel Morin, Hugues François, Marion Réveillet, Eric Sauquet, Louise Crochemore, Flora Branger, Étienne Leblois, and Marie Dumont
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 27, 4257–4277,,, 2023
Short summary
Spatial distribution and controls of snowmelt runoff in a sublimation-dominated environment in the semiarid Andes of Chile
Álvaro Ayala, Simone Schauwecker, and Shelley MacDonell
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 27, 3463–3484,,, 2023
Short summary

Cited articles

Allamano, P., Claps, P., Laio, F., and Thea, C.: A data-based assesment of the dependence of short-duration precipitation on elevation, Phys. Chem. Earth, 34, 635–641,, 2009. a
Allerup, P., Madsen, H., and Vejen, F.: A Comprehensive Model for Correcting Point Precipitation, Hydrol. Res., 28, 1–20,, 1997. a
Alpert, P.: Mesoscale indexing of the distribution of orographic precipitation over high mountains, J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol., 25, 532–545,<0532:MIOTDO>2.0.CO;2, 1986. a, b
Anders, A. M., Roe, G. H., Hallet, B., Montgomery, D. R., Finnegan, N. J., and Putkonen, J.: Spatial patterns of precipitation and topography in the Himalaya, in: Tectonics, Climate, and Landscape Evolution, Geol. Soc. Am., 398,, 2006. a
Avanzi, F., De Michele, C., Ghezzi, A., Jommi, C., and Pepe, M.: A processing-modeling routine to use SNOTEL hourly data in snowpack dynamic models, Adv. Water Res., 73, 16–29,, 2014. a, b
Short summary
Precipitation tends to increase with elevation, but the magnitude and distribution of this enhancement remain poorly understood. By leveraging over 11 000 spatially distributed, manual measurements of snow depth (snow courses) upstream of two reservoirs in the western European Alps, we show that these courses bear a characteristic signature of orographic precipitation. This opens a window of opportunity for improved modeling accuracy and, ultimately, our understanding of the water budget.