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Volume 19, issue 12
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 4877–4891, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-19-4877-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 4877–4891, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-19-4877-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 21 Dec 2015

Research article | 21 Dec 2015

Green and blue water footprint reduction in irrigated agriculture: effect of irrigation techniques, irrigation strategies and mulching

A. D. Chukalla et al.

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Cited articles

Afshar, A. and Neshat, A.: Evaluation of Aqua Crop computer model in the potato under irrigation management of continuity plan of Jiroft region, Kerman, Iran, Int. J. Adv. Biol. Biom. Res., 1, 1669–1678, 2013.
Al-Said, F. A., Ashfaq, M., Al-Barhi, M., Hanjra, M. A., and Khan, I. A.: Water productivity of vegetables under modern irrigation methods in Oman, Irrig. Drain., 61, 477–489, 2012.
Ali, M. H.: Water Application Methods, in: Practices of Irrigation & On-farm Water Management, Springer, New York, USA, 35–63, 2011.
Allen, R., Pereira, L., Raes, D., and Smith, M.: Crop evapotranspiration. FAO irrigation and drainage paper 56, FAO, Rome, Italy, 1998.
Amarasinghe, U. A. and Smakhtin, V.: Water productivity and water footprint: misguided concepts or useful tools in water management and policy?, Water Int., 39, 1000–1017, 2014.
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This paper provides the first detailed and comprehensive study regarding the potential for reducing the consumptive WF of a crop by changing management practice such as irrigation technique, irrigation strategy and mulching practice. If we consider all the cases of drip or subsurface drip irrigation with synthetic mulching, including all crops and environments, we find an average consumptive WF reduction of 28-29%. The corresponding blue WF reduction is 44% and the green WF reduction 14%.
This paper provides the first detailed and comprehensive study regarding the potential for...
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