Articles | Volume 18, issue 12
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 5061–5076, 2014
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-18-5061-2014
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 5061–5076, 2014
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-18-5061-2014

Research article 11 Dec 2014

Research article | 11 Dec 2014

Modeling the snow surface temperature with a one-layer energy balance snowmelt model

J. You et al.

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Revised manuscript accepted for HESS
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Cited articles

Anderson, E. A.: A Point Energy and Mass Balance Model of a Snow Cover. NOAA Technical Report NWS 19, US Department of Commerce, 150 pp., 1976.
Berg, P. W, and McGregor, J. L.: Elementary Partial Differential Equations, Holden-Day, Oakland, 1966.
Blöschl, G. and Kirnbauer, R.: Point snowmelt models with different degrees of complexity – internal processes, J. Hydrol., 129, 127–147, 1991.
Bras, R. L.: Hydrology, an Introduction to Hydrologic Science, Addison-Wesley: Reading, MA, 1990.
Bristow, K. L, and Campbell, G. S.: On the relationship between incoming solar radiation and the daily maximum and minimum temperature, Agr. Forest Meteorol., 31, 159–166, 1984.
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This paper evaluates three improvements to an energy balance snowmelt model aimed to represent snow surface temperature while retaining the parsimony of a single layer. Surface heat flow is modeled using a forcing term related to the vertical temperature difference and a restore term related to the temporal gradient of surface temperature. Adjustments for melt water refreezing and thermal conductivity when the snow is shallow are introduced. The model performs well at the three test sites.