Articles | Volume 18, issue 12
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 5061–5076, 2014
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-18-5061-2014
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 5061–5076, 2014
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-18-5061-2014

Research article 11 Dec 2014

Research article | 11 Dec 2014

Modeling the snow surface temperature with a one-layer energy balance snowmelt model

J. You et al.

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Short summary
This paper evaluates three improvements to an energy balance snowmelt model aimed to represent snow surface temperature while retaining the parsimony of a single layer. Surface heat flow is modeled using a forcing term related to the vertical temperature difference and a restore term related to the temporal gradient of surface temperature. Adjustments for melt water refreezing and thermal conductivity when the snow is shallow are introduced. The model performs well at the three test sites.