Articles | Volume 25, issue 2
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 1009–1032, 2021
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 1009–1032, 2021
Research article
25 Feb 2021
Research article | 25 Feb 2021

Lake thermal structure drives interannual variability in summer anoxia dynamics in a eutrophic lake over 37 years

Robert Ladwig et al.

Related authors

A framework for ensemble modelling of climate change impacts on lakes worldwide: the ISIMIP Lake Sector
Malgorzata Golub, Wim Thiery, Rafael Marcé, Don Pierson, Inne Vanderkelen, Daniel Mercado-Bettin, R. Iestyn Woolway, Luke Grant, Eleanor Jennings, Benjamin M. Kraemer, Jacob Schewe, Fang Zhao, Katja Frieler, Matthias Mengel, Vasiliy Y. Bogomolov, Damien Bouffard, Marianne Côté, Raoul-Marie Couture, Andrey V. Debolskiy, Bram Droppers, Gideon Gal, Mingyang Guo, Annette B. G. Janssen, Georgiy Kirillin, Robert Ladwig, Madeline Magee, Tadhg Moore, Marjorie Perroud, Sebastiano Piccolroaz, Love Raaman Vinnaa, Martin Schmid, Tom Shatwell, Victor M. Stepanenko, Zeli Tan, Bronwyn Woodward, Huaxia Yao, Rita Adrian, Mathew Allan, Orlane Anneville, Lauri Arvola, Karen Atkins, Leon Boegman, Cayelan Carey, Kyle Christianson, Elvira de Eyto, Curtis DeGasperi, Maria Grechushnikova, Josef Hejzlar, Klaus Joehnk, Ian D. Jones, Alo Laas, Eleanor B. Mackay, Ivan Mammarella, Hampus Markensten, Chris McBride, Deniz Özkundakci, Miguel Potes, Karsten Rinke, Dale Robertson, James A. Rusak, Rui Salgado, Leon van der Linden​​​​​​​, Piet Verburg, Danielle Wain, Nicole K. Ward, Sabine Wollrab, and Galina Zdorovennova
Geosci. Model Dev., 15, 4597–4623,,, 2022
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Rivers and Lakes | Techniques and Approaches: Modelling approaches
How do inorganic nitrogen processing pathways change quantitatively at daily, seasonal, and multiannual scales in a large agricultural stream?
Jingshui Huang, Dietrich Borchardt, and Michael Rode
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 5817–5833,,, 2022
Short summary
Seasonal forecasting of lake water quality and algal bloom risk using a continuous Gaussian Bayesian network
Leah A. Jackson-Blake, François Clayer, Sigrid Haande, James E. Sample, and S. Jannicke Moe
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 3103–3124,,, 2022
Short summary
Exploring tracer information in a small stream to reduce the uncertainty and enhance the process interpretation of transient storage models
Enrico Bonanno, Günter Blöschl, and Julian Klaus
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss.,,, 2022
Revised manuscript accepted for HESS
Short summary
Spatially referenced Bayesian state-space model of total phosphorus in western Lake Erie
Timothy J. Maguire, Craig A. Stow, and Casey M. Godwin
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 1993–2017,,, 2022
Short summary
Future water temperature of rivers in Switzerland under climate change investigated with physics-based models
Adrien Michel, Bettina Schaefli, Nander Wever, Harry Zekollari, Michael Lehning, and Hendrik Huwald
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 1063–1087,,, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Appling, A. P., Leon, M. C., and McDowell, W. H.: Reducing bias and quantifying uncertainty in watershed flux estimates: the R package loadflex, Ecosphere, 6, 269,, 2015. 
Bennett, E. M., Reed-Andersen, T., Houser, J. N., Gabriel, J. R., and Carpenter, S. R.: A Phosphorus Budget for the Lake Mendota Watershed, Ecosystems, 2, 69–75,, 1999. 
Biddanda, B. A., Weinke, A. D., Kendall, S. T., Gereaux, L. C., Holcomb, T. M., Snider, M. J., Dila, D. K., Long, S. A., VandenBerg, C., Knapp, K., Koopmans, D. J., Thompson, K., Vail, J. H., Ogdahl, M. E., Liu, Q., Johengen, T. H., Anderson, E. J., and Ruberg, S. A.: Chronicles of hypoxia: Time-series buoy observations reveal annually recurring seasonal basin-wide hypoxia in Muskegon Lake – A Great Lakes estuary, J. Gt. Lakes Res., 44, 219–229,, 2018. 
Birge, E. A.: The work of wind in warming a lake, Transl. Wis. Acad. Sciens. Arts. Lett., 18, 341–391, 1916. 
Bocaniov, S. A. and Scavia, D.: Temporal and spatial dynamics of large lake hypoxia: Integrating statistical and three-dimensional dynamic models to enhance lake management criteria: Lake Hypoxia: Integrating Modles To Enhance Lake Management, Water Resour. Res., 52, 4247–4263,, 2016. 
Short summary
Using a modeling framework applied to 37 years of dissolved oxygen time series data from Lake Mendota, we identified the timing and intensity of thermal energy stored in the lake water column, the lake's resilience to mixing, and surface primary production as the most important drivers of interannual dynamics of low oxygen concentrations at the lake bottom. Due to climate change, we expect an increase in the spatial and temporal extent of low oxygen concentrations in Lake Mendota.