Articles | Volume 22, issue 5
Research article
08 May 2018
Research article |  | 08 May 2018

How downstream sub-basins depend on upstream inflows to avoid scarcity: typology and global analysis of transboundary rivers

Hafsa Ahmed Munia, Joseph H. A. Guillaume, Naho Mirumachi, Yoshihide Wada, and Matti Kummu

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Cited articles

Al-Faraj, F. A. and Scholz, M.: Impact of upstream anthropogenic river regulation on downstream water availability in transboundary river watersheds, Int. J. Water Resour. Dev., 31, 28–49, 2015. 
Allan, J. A.: The Middle East water question: Hydropolitics and the global economy, Ib Tauris, London, 2002. 
Beck, L., Bernauer, T., Siegfried, T. and Böhmelt, T.: Implications of hydro-political dependency for international water cooperation and conflict: Insights from new data, Polit. Geogr., 42, 23–33, 2014. 
Bjornlund, H.: Farmer participation in markets for temporary and permanent water in southeastern Australia, Agr. Water Manage., 63, 57–76, 2003. 
Brochmann, M. and Gleditsch, N.,P.: Shared rivers and conflict – A reconsideration, Polit. Geogr., 31, 519–527, 2012. 
Short summary
An analytical framework is developed drawing on ideas of regime shifts from resilience literature to understand the transition between cases where water scarcity is or is not experienced depending on whether water from upstream is or is not available. The analysis shows 386 million people dependent on upstream water to avoid possible stress and 306 million people dependent on upstream water to avoid possible shortage. This provides insights into implications for negotiations between sub-basins.