Articles | Volume 21, issue 7
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3859–3878, 2017

Special issue: Rainfall and urban hydrology

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3859–3878, 2017

Review article 28 Jul 2017

Review article | 28 Jul 2017

Spatial and temporal variability of rainfall and their effects on hydrological response in urban areas – a review

Elena Cristiano et al.

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Cited articles

Aronica, G. and Canarozzo, M.: Studying the hydrological response of urban catchments using a semi-distributed linear non-linear model, J. Hydrol., 238, 35–43, 2000.
Aronica, G., Freni, G., and Oliveri, E.: Uncertainty analysis of the influence of rainfall time resolution in the modelling of urban drainage systems, Hydrol. Process., 19, 1055–1071, 2005.
Bacchi, B. and Kottegoda, N.: Identification and calibration of spatial correlation patterns of rainfall, J. Hydrol., 165, 311–348, 1995.
Bergstrom, S. and Graham, L. P.: On the scale problem in hydrological modelling, J. Hydrol., 211, 253–265, 1998.
Berndtsson, R. and Niemczynowicz, J.: Spatial and temporal scales in rainfall analysis – some aspects and future perspective, J. Hydrol., 100, 293–313, 1986.
Short summary
In the last decades, new instruments were developed to measure rainfall and hydrological processes at high resolution. Weather radars are used, for example, to measure how rainfall varies in space and time. At the same time, new models were proposed to reproduce and predict hydrological response, in order to prevent flooding in urban areas. This paper presents a review of our current knowledge of rainfall and hydrological processes in urban areas, focusing on their variability in time and space.