Articles | Volume 21, issue 1
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 345–355, 2017

Special issue: Rainfall and urban hydrology

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 345–355, 2017

Research article 20 Jan 2017

Research article | 20 Jan 2017

Formulating and testing a method for perturbing precipitation time series to reflect anticipated climatic changes

Hjalte Jomo Danielsen Sørup1,2, Stylianos Georgiadis1,3, Ida Bülow Gregersen4, and Karsten Arnbjerg-Nielsen1,2 Hjalte Jomo Danielsen Sørup et al.
  • 1Technical University of Denmark, Global Decision Support Initiative, Lyngby, Denmark
  • 2Technical University of Denmark, Department of Environmental Engineering, Lyngby, Denmark
  • 3Technical University of Denmark, Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Lyngby, Denmark
  • 4Ramboll Danmark A/S, Department of Climate Adaptation and Green Infrastructure, Copenhagen, Denmark

Abstract. Urban water infrastructure has very long planning horizons, and planning is thus very dependent on reliable estimates of the impacts of climate change. Many urban water systems are designed using time series with a high temporal resolution. To assess the impact of climate change on these systems, similarly high-resolution precipitation time series for future climate are necessary. Climate models cannot at their current resolutions provide these time series at the relevant scales. Known methods for stochastic downscaling of climate change to urban hydrological scales have known shortcomings in constructing realistic climate-changed precipitation time series at the sub-hourly scale. In the present study we present a deterministic methodology to perturb historical precipitation time series at the minute scale to reflect non-linear expectations to climate change. The methodology shows good skill in meeting the expectations to climate change in extremes at the event scale when evaluated at different timescales from the minute to the daily scale. The methodology also shows good skill with respect to representing expected changes of seasonal precipitation. The methodology is very robust against the actual magnitude of the expected changes as well as the direction of the changes (increase or decrease), even for situations where the extremes are increasing for seasons that in general should have a decreasing trend in precipitation. The methodology can provide planners with valuable time series representing future climate that can be used as input to urban hydrological models and give better estimates of climate change impacts on these systems.

Short summary
In this study we propose a methodology changing present-day precipitation time series to reflect future changed climate. Present-day time series have a much finer resolution than what is provided by climate models and thus have a much broader application range. The proposed methodology is able to replicate most expectations of climate change precipitation. These time series can be used to run fine-scale hydrological and hydraulic models and thereby assess the influence of climate change on them.