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Hydrology and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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The history of the co-evolution of the coupled human–groundwater system in Cangzhou (a region with the most serious depression cone in the North China Plain) is analyzed with a particular focus on how the groundwater crisis unfolded and how people attempted to settle the crisis. The evolution of the system was substantially impacted by two droughts. Further restoration of groundwater environment could be anticipated, but the occurrence of drought still remains an undetermined external forcing.
Articles | Volume 21, issue 7
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3619–3633, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-21-3619-2017
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3619–3633, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-21-3619-2017

Research article 18 Jul 2017

Research article | 18 Jul 2017

Socio-hydrological perspectives of the co-evolution of humans and groundwater in Cangzhou, North China Plain

Songjun Han et al.

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Baldassarre, G. D., Viglione, A., Carr, G., Kuil, L., Yan, K., Brandimarte, L., and Blöschl, G.: Debates-Perspectives on socio-hydrology: Capturing feedbacks between physical and social processes, Water Resour. Res., 51, 4770–4781, 2015.
Cao, G., Zheng, C., Scanlon, B. R., Liu, J., and Li, W.: Use of flow modeling to assess sustainability of groundwater resources in the North China Plain, Water Resour. Res., 49, 159–175, https://doi.org/10.1029/2012wr011899, 2013.
Chen, J. Y., Tang, C. Y., Shen, Y. J., Sakura, Y., Kondoh, A., and Shimada, J.: Use of water balance calculation and tritium to examine the dropdown of groundwater table in the piedmont of the North China Plain (NCP), Environ. Geol., 44, 564–571, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-003-0792-3, 2003.
Chen, X., Wang, D., Tian, F., and Sivapalan, M.: From channelization to restoration: Sociohydrologic modeling with changing community preferences in the Kissimmee River Basin, Florida, Water Resour. Res., 52, 1227–1244, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015wr018194, 2016.
Di Baldassarre, G., Viglione, A., Carr, G., Kuil, L., Salinas, J. L., and Blöschl, G.: Socio-hydrology: conceptualising human-flood interactions, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 3295–3303, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-17-3295-2013, 2013.
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Short summary
The history of the co-evolution of the coupled human–groundwater system in Cangzhou (a region with the most serious depression cone in the North China Plain) is analyzed with a particular focus on how the groundwater crisis unfolded and how people attempted to settle the crisis. The evolution of the system was substantially impacted by two droughts. Further restoration of groundwater environment could be anticipated, but the occurrence of drought still remains an undetermined external forcing.
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