Articles | Volume 25, issue 6
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 3519–3538, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-25-3519-2021
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 3519–3538, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-25-3519-2021

Research article 22 Jun 2021

Research article | 22 Jun 2021

Deep desiccation of soils observed by long-term high-resolution measurements on a large inclined lysimeter

Markus Merk et al.

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Cited articles

Abichou, T., Liu, X., and Tawfiq, K.: Design Considerations for Lysimeters Used to Evaluate Alternative Earthen Final Covers, J. Geotech. Geoenviron., 132, 1519–1525, https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2006)132:12(1519), 2006. a
Albergel, C., Zheng, Y., Bonan, B., Dutra, E., Rodríguez-Fernández, N., Munier, S., Draper, C., de Rosnay, P., Muñoz-Sabater, J., Balsamo, G., Fairbairn, D., Meurey, C., and Calvet, J.-C.: Data assimilation for continuous global assessment of severe conditions over terrestrial surfaces, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 4291–4316, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-4291-2020, 2020. a
Allaire, S. E., Roulier, S., and Cessna, A. J.: Quantifying preferential flow in soils: A review of different techniques, J. Hydrol., 378, 179–204, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2009.08.013, 2009. a
Augenstein, M., Goeppert, N., and Goldscheider, N.: Characterizing soil water dynamics on steep hillslopes from long-term lysimeter data, J. Hydrol., 529, 795–804, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.08.053, 2015. a, b, c, d, e, f
Beck, H. E., Zimmermann, N. E., McVicar, T. R., Vergopolan, N., Berg, A., and Wood, E. F.: Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution, Scientific Data, 5, 180214, https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2018.214, 2018. a
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Short summary
Soil moisture levels have decreased significantly over the past 2 decades. This decrease is not uniformly distributed over the observation period. The largest changes occur at tipping points during years of extreme drought, after which soil moisture levels reach significantly different alternate stable states. Not only the overall trend in soil moisture is affected, but also the seasonal dynamics.