Articles | Volume 25, issue 6
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 3053–3070, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-25-3053-2021
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 3053–3070, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-25-3053-2021

Research article 08 Jun 2021

Research article | 08 Jun 2021

Groundwater fauna in an urban area – natural or affected?

Fabien Koch et al.

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Cited articles

Aber, J., Mcdowell, W., Nadelhoffer, K., Magill, A., Berntson, G., Mcnulty, S., Currie, W., Rustad, L., and Fernandez, I.: Nitrogen saturation in temperate forest ecosystems – Hypotheses revisited, Bioscience, 48, 921–934, 1998. 
Amt für Stadtentwicklung – Statistikstelle: Statistic Atlas Karlsruhe, available at: https://web3.karlsruhe.de/Stadtentwicklung/statistik/atlas/?select=005 (last access: 27 February 2019), 2018. 
Batzer, D. and Boix, D.: Invertebrates in Freswater Wetlands: An International Perspective on their Ecology, Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, 2016. 
Benz, S., Bayer, P., Menberg, K., and Blum, P.: Comparison of local and regional heat transport processes into the subsurface urban heat island of Karlsruhe, Germany, Geophys. Res. Abstr. EGU Gen. Assem., 16, 11252, 2014. 
Benz, S., Bayer, S., and Blum, P.: Identifying anthropogenic anomalies in air, surface and groundwater temperatures in Germany, Sci. Total Environ., 584–584, 145–153, 2017. 
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Short summary
In this study, we address the question of whether groundwater fauna in an urban area is natural or affected in comparison to forested land. We find noticeable differences in the spatial distribution of groundwater species and abiotic parameters. An ecological assessment reveals that conditions in the urban area are mainly not good. Yet, there is no clear spatial pattern in terms of land use and anthropogenic impacts. These are significant findings for conservation and usage of urban groundwater.