Articles | Volume 20, issue 2
Research article
03 Mar 2016
Research article |  | 03 Mar 2016

Mediterranean irrigation under climate change: more efficient irrigation needed to compensate for increases in irrigation water requirements

M. Fader, S. Shi, W. von Bloh, A. Bondeau, and W. Cramer

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Cited articles

Ackerman, F. and Stanton, E. A.: Climate Impacts on Agriculture: A Challenge to Complacency? Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University, Medford, USA, 2013.
Ainsworth, E. A., Leakey, A. D. B., Ort, D. R., and Long, S. P.: FACE-ing the Facts: Inconsistencies and Interdependence among Field, Chamber, and Modeling Studies of Elevated CO2 Impacts on Crop Yield and Food Supply, New Phytol., 179, 5–9, 2008.
AIRMF: L'agriculture irriguée méditerranéenne, Une source de richesse au coeur des enjeux du développement durable, Synthèse de l'étude sur le poids économique, social et environnemental de l'irrigation dans les régions méditerranéennes françaises, Chambre Régionale d'agriculture du Languedoc-Roussillon, Lattes, France, 2009.
Bastiaanssen, W. G. M., Allen, R. G., Droogers, P., D'Urso, G., and Steduto, P.: Twenty-five years modelling irrigated and drained soils: state of the art, Agr. Water Manage., 92, 111–125, 2007.
Belhouchette, H., Blanco, M., and Flichman, G.: Sustainability of irrigated farming systems in a Tunisian region: a recursive stochastic programming analysis, Comput. Elect. Agr., 86, 100–110, 2012.
Short summary
At present, the Mediterranean region could save 35 % of water by implementing more efficient irrigation and conveyance systems (EICS). By 2080–2090 the region may face an increase in gross irrigation requirements (IRs) of up to 74 % due to climate change and population growth. EICS may be able to compensate to some degree these increases. Most countries in the northern and eastern Mediterranean have a high risk of not being able to meet future IRs due to water scarcity.