Articles | Volume 26, issue 6
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 1565–1578, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-26-1565-2022
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 1565–1578, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-26-1565-2022
Research article
23 Mar 2022
Research article | 23 Mar 2022

Continuous monitoring of a soil aquifer treatment system's physico-chemical conditions to optimize operational performance

Tuvia Turkeltaub et al.

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Cited articles

Amy, G. and Drewes, J.: Soil aquifer treatment (SAT) as a natural and sustainable wastewater reclamation/reuse technology: Fate of wastewater effluent organic Matter (EfoM) and trace organic compounds, Environ. Monit. Assess., 129, 19–26, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-006-9421-4, 2007. 
Arye, G., Tarchitzky, J., and Chen, Y.: Treated wastewater effects on water repellency and soil hydraulic properties of soil aquifer treatment infiltration basins, J. Hydrol., 397, 136–145, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.11.046, 2011. 
Asano, T. and Cotruvo, J. A.: Groundwater recharge with reclaimed municipal wastewater: Health and regulatory considerations, Water Res., 38, 1941–1951, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2004.01.023, 2004. 
Ben Moshe, S., Weisbrod, N., Barquero, F., Sallwey, J., Orgad, O., and Furman, A.: On the role of operational dynamics in biogeochemical efficiency of a soil aquifer treatment system, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 417–426, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-417-2020, 2020. 
Ben Moshe, S., Weisbrod, N., and Furman, A.: Optimization of soil aquifer treatment (SAT) operation using a reactive transport model, Vadose Zone J., 20, 1–13, https://doi.org/10.1002/vzj2.20095, 2021. 
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Short summary
The quality control and optimization of soil aquifer treatment (SAT) performance is challenging due to the multiple factors and costs involved. We installed in situ subsurface monitoring sensors that provided continuous high-resolution monitoring of the biochemical and physical conditions of an active SAT system. Data analysis facilitated the determination of the optimal drying and wetting stages, which are critical for suitable SAT management.