Articles | Volume 26, issue 2
Research article
31 Jan 2022
Research article |  | 31 Jan 2022

Rediscovering Robert E. Horton's lake evaporation formulae: new directions for evaporation physics

Solomon Vimal and Vijay P. Singh

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Cited articles

Accavitti, J.: Robert E. Horton Papers. Finding aid with Archivists' Toolkit, available at: E. Horton papers.pdf, last access: 13 August 2019. 
Bennett, A. R., Hamman, J. J., and Nijssen, B.: MetSim: A Python package for estimation and disaggregation of meteorological data, J. Open Source Softw., 5, 2042,, 2020. 
Bernard, M.: Appendix B – A review of “A new method of estimating stream-flow” by J. A. Folse, Eos Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 17, 309–312,, 1936. 
Beven, K.: Infiltration excess at the Horton Hydrology Laboratory (or not?), J. Hydrol., 293, 219–234,, 2004a. 
Beven, K.: Robert E. Horton and abrupt rises of ground water, Hydrol. Process., 18, 3687–3696,, 2004b. 
Short summary
Evaporation from open water is a well-studied problem in hydrology. Robert E. Horton, unknown to most investigators on the subject, studied it in great detail by conducting experiments and relating them to physical laws. His work furthered known theories of lake evaporation but was not recognized. This is unfortunate because it performs better than five variously complex methods across scales (local to continental; 30 min–2 months) and seems quite relevant for climate-change-era problems.