Articles | Volume 25, issue 5
Review article 27 May 2021
Review article | 27 May 2021
Urban surface water flood modelling – a comprehensive review of current models and future challenges
Kaihua Guo et al.
No articles found.
Faith Ka Shun Chan, Liang Emlyn Yang, Gordon Mitchell, Nigel Wright, Mingfu Guan, Xiaohui Lu, Zilin Wang, Burrell Montz, and Olalekan Adekola
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss.,
Preprint under review for NHESSShort summary
Sustainable flood risk management (SFRM) has become popular since the 1980s. This study examines the past and present flood management experiences in four developed countries (the UK, NL, US and Japan) that frequently suffered floods. We analysed ways towards the SFRM among Asian coastal cities, which are still reliant on hard-engineering approach that is insufficient reducing future flood risk. We recommend stakeholders adopting “mixed options” to undertake “sustainability” in FRM practices.
Samuli Launiainen, Mingfu Guan, Aura Salmivaara, and Antti-Jussi Kieloaho
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 3457–3480,Short summary
Boreal forest evapotranspiration and water cycle is modeled at stand and catchment scale using physiological and physical principles, open GIS data and daily weather data. The approach can predict daily evapotranspiration well across Nordic coniferous-dominated stands and successfully reproduces daily streamflow and annual evapotranspiration across boreal headwater catchments in Finland. The model is modular and simple and designed for practical applications over large areas using open data.
Daniel Green, Dapeng Yu, Ian Pattison, Robert Wilby, Lee Bosher, Ramila Patel, Philip Thompson, Keith Trowell, Julia Draycon, Martin Halse, Lili Yang, and Tim Ryley
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 1–16,Short summary
This paper demonstrates a novel method of evaluating emergency responder accessibility at the city scale during fluvial and surface water flood events of varying magnitudes. Results suggest that surface water flood events within the city of Leicester, UK, may cause more disruption to emergency responders when compared to fluvial flood events of the same magnitude. This study provides evidence to guide strategic planning for decision makers prior to and during flood events.
L. Liu, Y. Liu, X. Wang, D. Yu, K. Liu, H. Huang, and G. Hu
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 381–391,Short summary
This CA model can be easily established using commonly available basic urban geographic data with little preprocessing. It considers detailed urban features such as buildings and inlets, reproduces the changing extent and depth of flooded areas at the catchment outlet with an accuracy of 4 cm in water depth, and adequately represents the flow dynamics in the inundation process; furthermore, the model is computationally efficient for city emergency management.
R. L. Wilby and D. Yu
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 3937–3955,
Related subject area
Subject: Urban Hydrology | Techniques and Approaches: Modelling approachesThe impact of the spatiotemporal structure of rainfall on flood frequency over a small urban watershed: an approach coupling stochastic storm transposition and hydrologic modelingSpace variability impacts on hydrological responses of nature-based solutions and the resulting uncertainty: a case study of Guyancourt (France)Resampling and ensemble techniques for improving ANN-based high-flow forecast accuracyEvaluating different machine learning methods to simulate runoff from extensive green roofsModeling and interpreting hydrological responses of sustainable urban drainage systems with explainable machine learning methodsEvent selection and two-stage approach for calibrating models of green urban drainage systemsModeling the high-resolution dynamic exposure to flooding in a city regionDrainage area characterization for evaluating green infrastructure using the Storm Water Management ModelCritical scales to explain urban hydrological response: an application in Cranbrook, LondonIncrease in flood risk resulting from climate change in a developed urban watershed – the role of storm temporal patternsPatterns and comparisons of human-induced changes in river flood impacts in citiesScale effect challenges in urban hydrology highlighted with a distributed hydrological modelComparison of the impacts of urban development and climate change on exposing European cities to pluvial floodingSpatial and temporal variability of rainfall and their effects on hydrological response in urban areas – a reviewHydrodynamics of pedestrians' instability in floodwatersFormulating and testing a method for perturbing precipitation time series to reflect anticipated climatic changesUsing rainfall thresholds and ensemble precipitation forecasts to issue and improve urban inundation alertsEnhancing the T-shaped learning profile when teaching hydrology using data, modeling, and visualization activitiesOn the sensitivity of urban hydrodynamic modelling to rainfall spatial and temporal resolutionPrecipitation variability within an urban monitoring network via microcanonical cascade generatorsEstimation of peak discharges of historical floodsIndirect downscaling of hourly precipitation based on atmospheric circulation and temperatureAssessing the hydrologic restoration of an urbanized area via an integrated distributed hydrological modelUsing the Storm Water Management Model to predict urban headwater stream hydrological response to climate and land cover changeEvaluating scale and roughness effects in urban flood modelling using terrestrial LIDAR dataContribution of directly connected and isolated impervious areas to urban drainage network hydrographsThermal management of an unconsolidated shallow urban groundwater bodyOnline multistep-ahead inundation depth forecasts by recurrent NARX networksA statistical analysis of insurance damage claims related to rainfall extremesJoint impact of rainfall and tidal level on flood risk in a coastal city with a complex river network: a case study of Fuzhou City, ChinaUrbanization and climate change impacts on future urban flooding in Can Tho city, VietnamMulti-objective optimization for combined quality–quantity urban runoff controlDevelopment of flood probability charts for urban drainage network in coastal areas through a simplified joint assessment approachAuto-control of pumping operations in sewerage systems by rule-based fuzzy neural networksCoupling urban event-based and catchment continuous modelling for combined sewer overflow river impact assessmentDynamic neural networks for real-time water level predictions of sewerage systems-covering gauged and ungauged sites
Zhengzheng Zhou, James A. Smith, Mary Lynn Baeck, Daniel B. Wright, Brianne K. Smith, and Shuguang Liu
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 4701–4717,Short summary
The role of rainfall space–time structure in flood response is an important research issue in urban hydrology. This study contributes to this understanding in small urban watersheds. Combining stochastically based rainfall scenarios with a hydrological model, the results show the complexities of flood response for various return periods, implying the common assumptions of spatially uniform rainfall in urban flood frequency are problematic, even for relatively small basin scales.
Yangzi Qiu, Igor da Silva Rocha Paz, Feihu Chen, Pierre-Antoine Versini, Daniel Schertzer, and Ioulia Tchiguirinskaia
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 3137–3162,Short summary
Our original research objective is to investigate the uncertainties of the hydrological responses of nature-based solutions (NBSs) that result from the multiscale space variability in both the rainfall and the NBS distribution. Results show that the intersection effects of spatial variability in rainfall and the spatial arrangement of NBS can generate uncertainties of peak flow and total runoff volume estimations in NBS scenarios.
Everett Snieder, Karen Abogadil, and Usman T. Khan
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 2543–2566,Short summary
Flow distributions are highly skewed, resulting in low prediction accuracy of high flows when using artificial neural networks for flood forecasting. We investigate the use of resampling and ensemble techniques to address the problem of skewed datasets to improve high flow prediction. The methods are implemented both independently and in combined, hybrid techniques. This research presents the first analysis of the effects of combining these methods on high flow prediction accuracy.
Elhadi Mohsen Hassan Abdalla, Vincent Pons, Virginia Stovin, Simon De-Ville, Elizabeth Fassman-Beck, Knut Alfredsen, and Tone Merete Muthanna
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss.,
Revised manuscript accepted for HESS
Yang Yang and Ting Fong May Chui
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss.,
Revised manuscript accepted for HESSShort summary
This study uses machine learning methods to model the correlation between rainfall time series and outflow rates of urban catchments with sustainable urban drainage systems. The models have good prediction accuracy, and the contribution of rainfall at each time step to runoffs at different steps is identified. The models offer plausible conceptualizations of physical processes, which are useful for various tasks, such as baseflow separation and catchment response time estimation.
Ico Broekhuizen, Günther Leonhardt, Jiri Marsalek, and Maria Viklander
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 869–885,Short summary
Urban drainage models are usually calibrated using a few events so that they accurately represent a real-world site. This paper compares 14 single- and two-stage strategies for selecting these events and found significant variation between them in terms of model performance and the obtained values of model parameters. Calibrating parameters for green and impermeable areas in two separate stages improved model performance in the validation period while making calibration easier and faster.
Xuehong Zhu, Qiang Dai, Dawei Han, Lu Zhuo, Shaonan Zhu, and Shuliang Zhang
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 3353–3372,Short summary
Urban flooding exposure is generally investigated with the assumption of stationary disasters and disaster-hit bodies during an event, and thus it cannot satisfy the increasingly elaborate modeling and management of urban floods. In this study, a comprehensive method was proposed to simulate dynamic exposure to urban flooding considering human mobility. Several scenarios, including diverse flooding types and various responses of residents to flooding, were considered.
Joong Gwang Lee, Christopher T. Nietch, and Srinivas Panguluri
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 2615–2635,Short summary
This paper demonstrates an approach to spatial discretization for analyzing green infrastructure (GI) using SWMM. Besides DCIA, pervious buffers should be identified for GI modeling. Runoff contributions from different spatial components and flow pathways would impact GI performance. The presented approach can reduce the number of calibration parameters and apply scale–independently to a watershed scale. Hydrograph separation can add insights for developing GI scenarios.
Elena Cristiano, Marie-Claire ten Veldhuis, Santiago Gaitan, Susana Ochoa Rodriguez, and Nick van de Giesen
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 2425–2447,Short summary
In this work we investigate the influence rainfall and catchment scales have on hydrological response. This problem is quite relevant in urban areas, where the response is fast due to the high degree of imperviousness. We presented a new approach to classify rainfall variability in space and time and use this classification to investigate rainfall aggregation effects on urban hydrological response. This classification allows the spatial extension of the main core of the storm to be identified.
Suresh Hettiarachchi, Conrad Wasko, and Ashish Sharma
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 2041–2056,Short summary
The study examines the impact of higher temperatures expected in a future climate on how rainfall varies with time during severe storm events. The results show that these impacts increase future flood risk in urban environments and that current design guidelines need to be adjusted so that effective adaptation measures can be implemented.
Stephanie Clark, Ashish Sharma, and Scott A. Sisson
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1793–1810,Short summary
This study investigates global patterns relating urban river flood impacts to socioeconomic development and changing hydrologic conditions, and comparisons are provided between 98 individual cities. This paper condenses and communicates large amounts of information to accelerate the understanding of relationships between local urban conditions and global processes, and to potentially motivate knowledge transfer between decision-makers facing similar circumstances.
Abdellah Ichiba, Auguste Gires, Ioulia Tchiguirinskaia, Daniel Schertzer, Philippe Bompard, and Marie-Claire Ten Veldhuis
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 331–350,Short summary
This paper proposes a two-step investigation to illustrate the extent of scale effects in urban hydrology. First, fractal tools are used to highlight the scale dependency observed within GIS data inputted in urban hydrological models. Then an intensive multi-scale modelling work was carried out to confirm effects on model performances. The model was implemented at 17 spatial resolutions ranging from 100 to 5 m. Results allow the understanding of scale challenges in hydrology modelling.
Per Skougaard Kaspersen, Nanna Høegh Ravn, Karsten Arnbjerg-Nielsen, Henrik Madsen, and Martin Drews
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 4131–4147,
Elena Cristiano, Marie-Claire ten Veldhuis, and Nick van de Giesen
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3859–3878,Short summary
In the last decades, new instruments were developed to measure rainfall and hydrological processes at high resolution. Weather radars are used, for example, to measure how rainfall varies in space and time. At the same time, new models were proposed to reproduce and predict hydrological response, in order to prevent flooding in urban areas. This paper presents a review of our current knowledge of rainfall and hydrological processes in urban areas, focusing on their variability in time and space.
Chiara Arrighi, Hocine Oumeraci, and Fabio Castelli
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 515–531,Short summary
In developed countries, the majority of fatalities during floods occurs as a consequence of inappropriate high-risk behaviour such as walking or driving in floodwaters. This work addresses pedestrians' instability in floodwaters. It analyses both the contribution of flood and human physical characteristics in the loss of stability highlighting the key role of subject height (submergence) and flow regime. The method consists of a re-analysis of experiments and numerical modelling.
Hjalte Jomo Danielsen Sørup, Stylianos Georgiadis, Ida Bülow Gregersen, and Karsten Arnbjerg-Nielsen
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 345–355,Short summary
In this study we propose a methodology changing present-day precipitation time series to reflect future changed climate. Present-day time series have a much finer resolution than what is provided by climate models and thus have a much broader application range. The proposed methodology is able to replicate most expectations of climate change precipitation. These time series can be used to run fine-scale hydrological and hydraulic models and thereby assess the influence of climate change on them.
Tsun-Hua Yang, Gong-Do Hwang, Chin-Cheng Tsai, and Jui-Yi Ho
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 4731–4745,Short summary
Taiwan continues to suffer from floods. This study proposes the integration of rainfall thresholds and ensemble precipitation forecasts to provide probabilistic urban inundation forecasts. Utilization of ensemble precipitation forecasts can extend forecast lead times to 72 h, preceding peak flows and allowing response agencies to take necessary preparatory measures. This study also develops a hybrid of real-time observation and rainfall forecasts to improve the first 24 h inundation forecasts.
Christopher A. Sanchez, Benjamin L. Ruddell, Roy Schiesser, and Venkatesh Merwade
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 1289–1299,Short summary
The use of authentic learning activities is especially important for place-based geosciences like hydrology, where professional breadth and technical depth are critical for practicing hydrologists. The current study found that integrating computerized learning content into the learning experience, using only a simple spreadsheet tool and readily available hydrological data, can effectively bring the "real world" into the classroom and provide an enriching educational experience.
G. Bruni, R. Reinoso, N. C. van de Giesen, F. H. L. R. Clemens, and J. A. E. ten Veldhuis
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 691–709,
P. Licznar, C. De Michele, and W. Adamowski
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 485–506,
J. Herget, T. Roggenkamp, and M. Krell
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 4029–4037,
F. Beck and A. Bárdossy
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 4851–4863,
D. H. Trinh and T. F. M. Chui
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 4789–4801,
J. Y. Wu, J. R. Thompson, R. K. Kolka, K. J. Franz, and T. W. Stewart
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 4743–4758,
H. Ozdemir, C. C. Sampson, G. A. M. de Almeida, and P. D. Bates
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 4015–4030,
Y. Seo, N.-J. Choi, and A. R. Schmidt
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 3473–3483,
J. Epting, F. Händel, and P. Huggenberger
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 1851–1869,
H.-Y. Shen and L.-C. Chang
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 935–945,
M. H. Spekkers, M. Kok, F. H. L. R. Clemens, and J. A. E. ten Veldhuis
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 913–922,
J. J. Lian, K. Xu, and C. Ma
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 679–689,
H. T. L. Huong and A. Pathirana
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 379–394,
S. Oraei Zare, B. Saghafian, and A. Shamsai
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 4531–4542,
R. Archetti, A. Bolognesi, A. Casadio, and M. Maglionico
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 3115–3122,
Y.-M. Chiang, L.-C. Chang, M.-J. Tsai, Y.-F. Wang, and F.-J. Chang
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 185–196,
I. Andrés-Doménech, J. C. Múnera, F. Francés, and J. B. Marco
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 2057–2072,
Yen-Ming Chiang, Li-Chiu Chang, Meng-Jung Tsai, Yi-Fung Wang, and Fi-John Chang
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 1309–1319,
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This study presents a comprehensive review of models and emerging approaches for predicting urban surface water flooding driven by intense rainfall. It explores the advantages and limitations of existing models and identifies major challenges. Issues of model complexities, scale effects, and computational efficiency are also analysed. The results will inform scientists, engineers, and decision-makers of the latest developments and guide the model selection based on desired objectives.
This study presents a comprehensive review of models and emerging approaches for predicting...