Articles | Volume 24, issue 12
Research article
23 Dec 2020
Research article |  | 23 Dec 2020

Key challenges facing the application of the conductivity mass balance method: a case study of the Mississippi River basin

Hang Lyu, Chenxi Xia, Jinghan Zhang, and Bo Li

Related subject area

Subject: Catchment hydrology | Techniques and Approaches: Uncertainty analysis
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Cited articles

Arnold, J. G. and Allen, P. M.: Automated methods for estimating baseflow and ground water recharge from streamflow records, J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc., 35, 411–424,, 1999. 
Arnold, J. G., Allen, P. M., Muttiah, R., and Bernhardt, G.: Automated Base Flow Separation and Recession Analysis Techniques, Ground Water, 33, 1010–1018,, 1995. 
Arnold, J. G., and Allen, P. M.: Automated Methods For Estimating Baseflow And Ground Water Recharge From Streamflow Records, J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc., 35, 411–424,, 1999. 
Arnold, J. G., Muttiah, R. S., Srinivasan, R., and Allen, P. M.: Regional estimation of base flow and groundwater recharge in the Upper Mississippi river basin, J. Hydrol., 227, 21–40,, 2000. 
Bäthe, J. and Coring, E.: Biological effects of anthropogenic salt-load on the aquatic Fauna: A synthesis of 17 years of biological survey on the rivers Werra and Weser, Limnologica, 41, 125–133,, 2011. 
Short summary
Baseflow separation plays a critical role in science-based management of water resources. This study addressed key challenges hindering the application of the generally accepted conductivity mass balance (CMB). Monitoring data for over 200 stream sites of the Mississippi River basin were collected to answer the following questions. What are the characteristics of a watershed that determine the method suitability? What length of monitoring data is needed? How can the parameters be more accurate?