Articles | Volume 24, issue 4
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-1939-2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-1939-2020
Research article
 | 
17 Apr 2020
Research article |  | 17 Apr 2020

Quantifying the impacts of human water use and climate variations on recent drying of Lake Urmia basin: the value of different sets of spaceborne and in situ data for calibrating a global hydrological model

Seyed-Mohammad Hosseini-Moghari, Shahab Araghinejad, Mohammad J. Tourian, Kumars Ebrahimi, and Petra Döll

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Cited articles

Abbaspour, M. and Nazaridoust, A.: Determination of environmental water requirements of Lake Urmia, Iran: an ecological approach, Int. J. Environ. Stud., 64, 161–169, https://doi.org/10.1080/00207230701238416, 2007. 
AghaKouchak, A., Norouzi, H., Madani, K., Mirchi, A., Azarderakhsh, M., Nazemi, A., Nasrollahi, N., Farahmand, A., Mehran, A., and Hasanzadeh, E.: Aral Sea syndrome desiccates Lake Urmia: Call for action, J. Great Lakes Res., 41, 307–311, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2014.12.007, 2015. 
Ahmadzadeh, H., Morid, S., Delavar, M., and Srinivasan, R.: Using the SWAT model to assess the impacts of changing irrigation from surface to pressurized systems on water productivity and water saving in the Zarrineh Rud catchment, Agr. Water Manage., 175, 15–28, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2015.10.026, 2016. 
Alborzi, A., Mirchi, A., Moftakhari, H., Mallakpour, I., Alian, S., Nazemi, A., Hassanzadeh, E., Mazdiyasni, O., Ashraf, S., Madani, K., Norouzi, H., Azarderakhsh, M., Mehran, A., Sadegh, M., Castelletti, A., and AghaKouchak, A.: Climate-informed environmental inflows to revive a drying lake facing meteorological and anthropogenic droughts, Environ. Res. Lett., 13, 084010, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aad246, 2018. 
Alizade Govarchin Ghale, Y., Altunkaynak, A., and Unal, A.: Investigation Anthropogenic Impacts and Climate Factors on Drying up of Urmia Lake using Water Budget and Drought Analysis, Water Resour. Manage., 32, 325–337, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-017-1812-5, 2018. 
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Short summary
This paper uses a multi-objective approach for calibrating the WGHM model to determine the role of human water use and climate variations in the recent loss of water storage in Lake Urmia basin, Iran. We found that even without human water use Lake Urmia would not have recovered from the significant loss of lake water volume caused by the drought year 2008.