Articles | Volume 23, issue 4
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 2111–2127, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-2111-2019

Special issue: Environmental changes and hazards in the Dead Sea region (NHESS/ACP/HESS/SE...

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 2111–2127, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-2111-2019

Research article 26 Apr 2019

Research article | 26 Apr 2019

Exposure of tourism development to salt karst hazards along the Jordanian Dead Sea shore

Najib Abou Karaki et al.

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Cited articles

Abelson, M., Baer, G., Shtivelman, V., Wachs, D., Raz, E., Crouvi, O., Kurzon, I., and Yechieli, Y.: Collapse-sinkholes and radar interferometry reveal neotectonics concealed within the Dead Sea basin, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1545, https://doi.org/10.1029/2003GL017103, 2003. 
Abelson, M., Yechieli, Y., Crouvi, O., Baer, G., Wachs, D., Bein, A., and Shtivelman, V.: Evolution of the DS sinkholes, in: New frontiers in Dead Sea paleo environmental research, edited by: Enzel, Y., Agnon, A., and Stein, M., Geological Society of America Special Paper, 241–253, https://doi.org/10.1130/2006.2401(16), 2006. 
Abelson, M., Yechieli, Y., Baer, G., Lapid, G., Behar, N., Calvo, R., and Rosensaft, M.: Natural versus human control on subsurface salt dissolution and development of thousands of sinkholes along the Dead Sea coast, J. Geophys. Res.-Earth, 122, 1262–1277, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JF004219, 2017. 
Abou Karaki, N.: Synthèse et carte sismotectonique des pays de la bordure orientale de la Méditerranée: Sismicité du system de failles du Jourdain – Mer Morte, PhD thesis, Université Louis Pasteur de Strasbourg, Institut de Physique du Globe, IPGS, France, 417 pp., 1987. 
Abou Karaki, N., Dorbath, L., and Haessler, H.: La Crise sismique du golfe d'Aqaba de 1983: Implications tectoniques, Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, 317, 1411–1416, 1993. 
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Short summary
The Dead Sea shore is a unique salt karst system. Development began in the 1960s, when the water resources that used to feed the Dead Sea were diverted. The water level is falling at more than 1 m yr−1, causing a hydrostatic disequilibrium between the underground fresh water and the base level. Despite these conditions, tourism development projects have flourished. Here, we show that a 10 km long strip of coast that encompasses several resorts is exposed to subsidence, sinkholes and landslides.