Articles | Volume 23, issue 4
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 2111–2127, 2019

Special issue: Environmental changes and hazards in the Dead Sea region (NHESS/ACP/HESS/SE...

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 2111–2127, 2019

Research article 26 Apr 2019

Research article | 26 Apr 2019

Exposure of tourism development to salt karst hazards along the Jordanian Dead Sea shore

Najib Abou Karaki et al.

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Cited articles

Abelson, M., Baer, G., Shtivelman, V., Wachs, D., Raz, E., Crouvi, O., Kurzon, I., and Yechieli, Y.: Collapse-sinkholes and radar interferometry reveal neotectonics concealed within the Dead Sea basin, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1545,, 2003. 
Abelson, M., Yechieli, Y., Crouvi, O., Baer, G., Wachs, D., Bein, A., and Shtivelman, V.: Evolution of the DS sinkholes, in: New frontiers in Dead Sea paleo environmental research, edited by: Enzel, Y., Agnon, A., and Stein, M., Geological Society of America Special Paper, 241–253,, 2006. 
Abelson, M., Yechieli, Y., Baer, G., Lapid, G., Behar, N., Calvo, R., and Rosensaft, M.: Natural versus human control on subsurface salt dissolution and development of thousands of sinkholes along the Dead Sea coast, J. Geophys. Res.-Earth, 122, 1262–1277,, 2017. 
Abou Karaki, N.: Synthèse et carte sismotectonique des pays de la bordure orientale de la Méditerranée: Sismicité du system de failles du Jourdain – Mer Morte, PhD thesis, Université Louis Pasteur de Strasbourg, Institut de Physique du Globe, IPGS, France, 417 pp., 1987. 
Abou Karaki, N., Dorbath, L., and Haessler, H.: La Crise sismique du golfe d'Aqaba de 1983: Implications tectoniques, Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, 317, 1411–1416, 1993. 
Short summary
The Dead Sea shore is a unique salt karst system. Development began in the 1960s, when the water resources that used to feed the Dead Sea were diverted. The water level is falling at more than 1 m yr−1, causing a hydrostatic disequilibrium between the underground fresh water and the base level. Despite these conditions, tourism development projects have flourished. Here, we show that a 10 km long strip of coast that encompasses several resorts is exposed to subsidence, sinkholes and landslides.