Articles | Volume 24, issue 5
Education and communication
 | Highlight paper
14 May 2020
Education and communication | Highlight paper |  | 14 May 2020

Wetropolis extreme rainfall and flood demonstrator: from mathematical design to outreach

Onno Bokhove, Tiffany Hicks, Wout Zweers, and Thomas Kent

Related authors

Experiments with the modified Rotating Shallow Water model (modRSW, v.1.0): assessing the relevance for convective-scale data assimilation research
Thomas Kent, Luca Cantarello, Gordon Inverarity, Steven Tobias, and Onno Bokhove
Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss.,,, 2022
Preprint under review for GMD
Short summary
Variational modelling of extreme waves through oblique interaction of solitary waves: application to Mach reflection
Floriane Gidel, Onno Bokhove, and Anna Kalogirou
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 24, 43–60,,, 2017
Short summary
Effective coastal boundary conditions for tsunami wave run-up over sloping bathymetry
W. Kristina, O. Bokhove, and E. van Groesen
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 21, 987–1005,,, 2014
Horizontal circulation and jumps in Hamiltonian wave models
E. Gagarina, J. van der Vegt, and O. Bokhove
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 20, 483–500,,, 2013

Related subject area

Subject: Engineering Hydrology | Techniques and Approaches: Modelling approaches
Deep learning methods for flood mapping: a review of existing applications and future research directions
Roberto Bentivoglio, Elvin Isufi, Sebastian Nicolaas Jonkman, and Riccardo Taormina
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 4345–4378,,, 2022
Short summary
Extreme floods in Europe: going beyond observations using reforecast ensemble pooling
Manuela I. Brunner and Louise J. Slater
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 469–482,,, 2022
Short summary
Hydroinformatics education – the Water Informatics in Science and Engineering (WISE) Centre for Doctoral Training
Thorsten Wagener, Dragan Savic, David Butler, Reza Ahmadian, Tom Arnot, Jonathan Dawes, Slobodan Djordjevic, Roger Falconer, Raziyeh Farmani, Debbie Ford, Jan Hofman, Zoran Kapelan, Shunqi Pan, and Ross Woods
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 2721–2738,,, 2021
Short summary
Technical note: The beneficial role of a natural permeable layer in slope stabilization by drainage trenches
Gianfranco Urciuoli, Luca Comegna, Marianna Pirone, and Luciano Picarelli
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 1669–1676,,, 2020
Short summary
Assessing the impacts of reservoirs on downstream flood frequency by coupling the effect of scheduling-related multivariate rainfall with an indicator of reservoir effects
Bin Xiong, Lihua Xiong, Jun Xia, Chong-Yu Xu, Cong Jiang, and Tao Du
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 4453–4470,,, 2019
Short summary

Cited articles

Barenblatt, G. I.: Scaling, self-similarity, and intermediate asymptotics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1996. a
Bates, P. D., Horritt, M. S., and Fewtrell, T. J.: A simple inertial formulation of the shallow water equations for efficient two-dimensional flood inundation modelling, J. Hydrol., 387, 33–45, 2010. a, b
Bokhove, O., Kelmanson, M. A., and Kent, T.: On using flood-excess volume to assess natural flood management, exemplified for extreme 2007 and 2015 floods in Yorkshire, available at: (last access: 4 May 2020), 2018a. a
Bokhove, O., Kelmanson, M. A., and Kent, T.: Using flood-excess volume to show that upscaling beaver dams for protection against extreme floods proves unrealistic, available at: (last access: 4 May 2020), 2018b. a
Bokhove, O., Kelmanson, M. A., Kent, T., Piton, G., and Tacnet, J.-M.: Communicating (nature-based) solutions using flood-excess volume for three UK and French river floods, River Res. Appl., 35, 1402–1414, 2019. a, b, c
Short summary
Wetropolis is a table-top demonstration model with extreme rainfall and flooding, including random rainfall, river flow, flood plains, an upland reservoir, a porous moor, and a city which can flood. It lets the viewer experience extreme rainfall and flood events in a physical model on reduced spatial and temporal scales with an event return period of 6.06 min rather than, say, 200 years. We disseminate its mathematical design and how it has been shown most prominently to over 500 flood victims.