Articles | Volume 24, issue 4
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 1891–1906, 2020
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 1891–1906, 2020

Research article 16 Apr 2020

Research article | 16 Apr 2020

Investigating the environmental response to water harvesting structures: a field study in Tanzania

Jessica A. Eisma and Venkatesh M. Merwade

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Cited articles

Borst, L. and de Haas, S.: Hydrology of sand storage dams: A case study in the Kiindu catchment, Kitui District, Kenya, Master's thesis, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 146 pp., 2006. 
Boulton, A., Stanley, E., Fisher, S., and Lake, P.: Over-summering strategies of macroinvertebrates in intermittent streams in Australia and Arizona, in aquatic ecosystems in semi-arid regions: Implications for resource management, NHRI Symposium Series 7, Saskatoon, Canada, 227–237, 1992. 
de Trincheria, J., Nissen-Petersen, E., Filho, W., and Otterphol, R.: Factors affecting the performance and cost-efficiency of sand storage dams in south-eastern Kenya, The Hague, the Netherlands, 2015. 
de Trincheria, J., Filho Leal, W., and Otterpohl, R.: Towards a universal optimization of the performance of sand storage dams in arid and semi-arid areas by systematically minimizing vulnerability to siltation: A case study in Makueni, Kenya, Int. J. Sediment Res., 33, 221–233,, 2018. 
Duan, X., Wang, Z., and Tian, S.: Effect of streambed substrate on macroinvertebrate biodiversity, Front. Environ. Sci. En., 2, 122–128,, 2008. 
Short summary
Sand dams capture and store water for use during the dry season in rural communities. A year long field study of three sand dams in Tanzania showed that sand dams are not a suitable habitat for aquatic insects. They capture plenty of water, but most is evaporated during the first few months of the dry season. Sand dams positively impact vegetation and minimally impact erosion. Community water security can be increased by sand dams, but site characteristics and construction are important factors.