Articles | Volume 15, issue 5
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 1427–1443, 2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Special issue: Climate change and water resources management in mountains
06 May 2011
06 May 2011
Assessing water resources adaptive capacity to climate change impacts in the Pacific Northwest Region of North America
A. F. Hamlet
Related subject area
Subject: Water Resources Management | Techniques and Approaches: Theory developmentQuantifying the impacts of compound extremes on agricultureComparison of published palaeoclimate records suitable for reconstructing annual to sub-decadal hydroclimatic variability in eastern Australia: implications for water resource management and planningUnraveling intractable water conflicts: the entanglement of science and politics in decision-making on large hydraulic infrastructureA Water-Energy-Food Nexus approach for conducting trade-off analysis: Morocco's phosphate industry in the Khouribga regionA watershed classification approach that looks beyond hydrology: application to a semi-arid, agricultural region in CanadaRole-play simulations as an aid to achieve complex learning outcomes in hydrological scienceUsing a coupled agent-based modeling approach to analyze the role of risk perception in water management decisionsGeostatistical interpolation by quantile krigingFlooded by jargon: how the interpretation of water-related terms differs between hydrology experts and the general audienceChallenges to implementing bottom-up flood risk decision analysis frameworks: how strong are social networks of flooding professionals?Socio-hydrological spaces in the Jamuna River floodplain in BangladeshAn improved method for calculating the regional crop water footprint based on a hydrological process analysisHow downstream sub-basins depend on upstream inflows to avoid scarcity: typology and global analysis of transboundary riversAn alternative approach for socio-hydrology: case study researchHESS Opinions: A conceptual framework for assessing socio-hydrological resilience under changeSocio-hydrological perspectives of the co-evolution of humans and groundwater in Cangzhou, North China PlainTowards systematic planning of small-scale hydrological intervention-based researchGeoscience on television: a review of science communication literature in the context of geosciencesA "mental models" approach to the communication of subsurface hydrology and hazardsReview and classification of indicators of green water availability and scarcitySocio-hydrological water balance for water allocation between human and environmental purposes in catchmentsLong-term monitoring of nitrate transport to drainage from three agricultural clayey till fieldsComplex network theory, streamflow, and hydrometric monitoring system designHydrological drought types in cold climates: quantitative analysis of causing factors and qualitative survey of impactsLinked hydrologic and social systems that support resilience of traditional irrigation communitiesAssessing blue and green water utilisation in wheat production of China from the perspectives of water footprint and total water useA new framework for resolving conflicts over transboundary rivers using bankruptcy methodsQuantifying the human impact on water resources: a critical review of the water footprint conceptEndogenous change: on cooperation and water availability in two ancient societiesSocio-hydrology and the science–policy interface: a case study of the Saskatchewan River basinRelationships between environmental governance and water quality in a growing metropolitan area of the Pacific Northwest, USAA journey of a thousand miles begins with one small step – human agency, hydrological processes and time in socio-hydrologySocio-hydrologic perspectives of the co-evolution of humans and water in the Tarim River basin, Western China: the Taiji–Tire modelActing, predicting and intervening in a socio-hydrological worldEvolving water science in the AnthropoceneHard paths, soft paths or no paths? Cross-cultural perceptions of water solutionsReconstructing the duty of water: a study of emergent norms in socio-hydrologyWater consumption from hydropower plants – review of published estimates and an assessment of the conceptWater Accounting Plus (WA+) – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurementsCyanobacterial and microcystins dynamics following the application of hydrogen peroxide to waste stabilisation pondsA regional and multi-faceted approach to postgraduate water education – the WaterNet experience in Southern AfricaReframing hydrology education to solve coupled human and environmental problemsExperiences from online and classroom education in hydroinformaticsEnhancing capacities of riparian professionals to address and resolve transboundary issues in international river basins: experiences from the Lower Mekong River BasinAssessing ecological land use and water demand of river systems: a case study in Luanhe River, North ChinaIrrigania – a web-based game about sharing water resourcesCompetence formation and post-graduate education in the public water sector in IndonesiaA climate-flood link for the lower Mekong RiverExperiences of using mobile technologies and virtual field tours in Physical Geography: implications for hydrology educationThe Indus basin in the framework of current and future water resources management
Iman Haqiqi, Danielle S. Grogan, Thomas W. Hertel, and Wolfram Schlenker
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 551–564,Short summary
This study combines a fine-scale weather product with outputs of a hydrological model to construct functional metrics of individual and compound hydroclimatic extremes for agriculture. Then, a yield response function is estimated with individual and compound metrics focusing on corn in the United States during the 1981–2015 period. The findings suggest that metrics of compound hydroclimatic extremes are better predictors of corn yield variations than metrics of individual extremes.
Anna L. Flack, Anthony S. Kiem, Tessa R. Vance, Carly R. Tozer, and Jason L. Roberts
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 5699–5712,Short summary
Palaeoclimate information was analysed for eastern Australia to determine when (and where) there was agreement about the timing of wet and dry epochs in the pre-instrumental period (1000–1899). The results show that instrumental records (~1900–present) underestimate the full range of rainfall variability that has occurred. When coupled with projected impacts of climate change and growing demands, these results highlight major challenges for water resource management and infrastructure.
Jonatan Godinez-Madrigal, Nora Van Cauwenbergh, and Pieter van der Zaag
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 4903–4921,Short summary
Our research studies whether science depoliticizes water conflicts or instead conflicts politicize science–policy processes. We analyze a water conflict due to the development of large infrastructure. We interviewed key actors in the conflict and replicated the results of water resources models developed to solve the conflict. We found that knowledge produced in isolation has no positive effect in transforming the conflict; instead, its potential could be enhanced if produced collaboratively.
Sang-Hyun Lee, Amjad T. Assi, Bassel Daher, Fatima E. Mengoub, and Rabi H. Mohtar
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 4727–4741,Short summary
Proper water availability for the right place and time in a changing climate requires analysis of complex scientific, technical, socioeconomic, regulatory, and political issues. A Water-Energy-Food Nexus Phosphate (WEF-P) Tool, based on integrating supply chain processes, transportation, and water–energy footprints could assess the various scenarios to offer an effective means of ensuring sustainable management of limited resources to both agricultural areas and the phosphate industry.
Jared D. Wolfe, Kevin R. Shook, Chris Spence, and Colin J. Whitfield
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 3945–3967,Short summary
Watershed classification can identify regions expected to respond similarly to disturbance. Methods should extend beyond hydrology to include other environmental questions, such as ecology and water quality. We developed a classification for the Canadian Prairie and identified seven classes defined by watershed characteristics, including elevation, climate, wetland density, and surficial geology. Results provide a basis for evaluating watershed response to land management and climate condition.
Arvid Bring and Steve W. Lyon
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 2369–2378,Short summary
Hydrology education strives to teach students both quantitative ability and complex professional skills. Our research shows that role-play simulations are useful to make students able to integrate various analytical skills in complicated settings while not interfering with traditional teaching that fosters their ability to solve mathematical problems. Despite this there are several potential challenging areas in using role-plays, and we therefore suggest ways around these potential roadblocks.
Jin-Young Hyun, Shih-Yu Huang, Yi-Chen Ethan Yang, Vincent Tidwell, and Jordan Macknick
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 2261–2278,Short summary
This study applies a two-way coupled agent-based model (ABM) with a river-reservoir management model (RiverWare) to analyze the role of risk perception in water management decisions using the Bayesian inference mapping joined with the cost–loss model. The calibration results capture the dynamics of historical irrigated area and streamflow changes and suggest that the proposed framework improves the representation of human decision-making processes compared to conventional rule-based ABMs.
Henning Lebrenz and András Bárdossy
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 1633–1648,Short summary
Many variables, e.g., in hydrology, geology, and social sciences, are only observed at a few distinct measurement locations, and their actual distribution in the entire space remains unknown. We introduce the new geostatistical interpolation method of
quantile kriging, providing an improved estimator and associated uncertainty. It can also host variables, which would not fulfill the implicit presumptions of the traditional geostatistical interpolation methods.
Gemma J. Venhuizen, Rolf Hut, Casper Albers, Cathelijne R. Stoof, and Ionica Smeets
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 393–403,Short summary
Do experts attach the same meaning as laypeople to terms often used in hydrology such as "river", "flooding" and "downstream"? In this study a survey was completed by 34 experts and 119 laypeople to answer this question. We found that there are some profound differences between experts and laypeople: words like "river" and "river basin" turn out to have a different interpretation between the two groups. However, when using pictures there is much more agreement between the groups.
James O. Knighton, Osamu Tsuda, Rebecca Elliott, and M. Todd Walter
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 5657–5673,Short summary
Decision-making for flood risk management is often the collective effort of professionals within government, NGOs, private practice, and advocacy groups. Our research investigates differences among flood experts within Tompkins County, New York (USA). We explore how they differ in their perceptions of flooding risk, desired project outcomes, and knowledge. We observe substantial differences among experts, and recommend formally acknowledging these perceptions when engaging in flood management.
Md Ruknul Ferdous, Anna Wesselink, Luigia Brandimarte, Kymo Slager, Margreet Zwarteveen, and Giuliano Di Baldassarre
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 5159–5173,Short summary
Socio-hydrological space (SHS) is a concept that enriches the study of socio-hydrology because it helps understand the detailed human–water interactions in a specific location. The concept suggests that the interactions between society and water are place-bound because of differences in social processes and river dynamics. This would be useful for developing interventions under disaster management, but also other development goals. SHS provides a new way of looking at socio-hydrological systems.
Xiao-Bo Luan, Ya-Li Yin, Pu-Te Wu, Shi-Kun Sun, Yu-Bao Wang, Xue-Rui Gao, and Jing Liu
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 5111–5123,Short summary
At present, the water footprint calculated by the quantitative method of crop production water footprint is only a field-scale water footprint, which does not contain all the water consumption of the crop growth process, so its calculated crop production water footprint is incomplete. In this study, the hydrological model SWAT was used to analyze the real water consumption in the course of crop growth, so that the actual water consumption of the crops could be more accurately reflected.
Hafsa Ahmed Munia, Joseph H. A. Guillaume, Naho Mirumachi, Yoshihide Wada, and Matti Kummu
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 2795–2809,Short summary
An analytical framework is developed drawing on ideas of regime shifts from resilience literature to understand the transition between cases where water scarcity is or is not experienced depending on whether water from upstream is or is not available. The analysis shows 386 million people dependent on upstream water to avoid possible stress and 306 million people dependent on upstream water to avoid possible shortage. This provides insights into implications for negotiations between sub-basins.
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 317–329,Short summary
This paper argues for an alternative approach for socio‒hydrology: detailed case study research. Detailed case study research can increase understanding of how society interacts with hydrology, offers more levers for management than coupled modelling, and facilitates interdisciplinary cooperation. The paper presents a case study of the Dommel Basin in the Netherlands and Belgium and compares this with a published model of the Kissimmee Basin in Florida.
Feng Mao, Julian Clark, Timothy Karpouzoglou, Art Dewulf, Wouter Buytaert, and David Hannah
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3655–3670,Short summary
The paper aims to propose a conceptual framework that supports nuanced understanding and analytical assessment of resilience in socio-hydrological contexts. We identify three framings of resilience for different human–water couplings, which have distinct application fields and are used for different water management challenges. To assess and improve socio-hydrological resilience in each type, we introduce a
resilience canvasas a heuristic tool to design bespoke management strategies.
Songjun Han, Fuqiang Tian, Ye Liu, and Xianhui Duan
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3619–3633,Short summary
The history of the co-evolution of the coupled human–groundwater system in Cangzhou (a region with the most serious depression cone in the North China Plain) is analyzed with a particular focus on how the groundwater crisis unfolded and how people attempted to settle the crisis. The evolution of the system was substantially impacted by two droughts. Further restoration of groundwater environment could be anticipated, but the occurrence of drought still remains an undetermined external forcing.
Kharis Erasta Reza Pramana and Maurits Willem Ertsen
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 4093–4115,Short summary
The effects of human actions in small-scale water development initiatives and the associated hydrological research activities are basically unspecified. We argue that more explicit attention helps to design more appropriate answers to the challenges faced in field studies. A more systematic approach is proposed that would be useful when designing field projects: two sets of questions on (1) dealing with surprises and (2) cost–benefits of data gathering.
Rolf Hut, Anne M. Land-Zandstra, Ionica Smeets, and Cathelijne R. Stoof
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 2507–2518,Short summary
To help geo-scientists prepare for TV appearances, we review the scientific literature on effective science communication related to TV. We identify six main themes: scientist motivation, target audience, narratives and storytelling, jargon and information transfer, relationship between scientists and journalists, and stereotypes of scientists on TV. We provide a detailed case study as illustration for each theme.
Hazel Gibson, Iain S. Stewart, Sabine Pahl, and Alison Stokes
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 1737–1749,Short summary
This paper provides empirical evidence for the value of using a psychology-based approach to communication of hydrology and hazards. It demonstrates the use of the "mental models" approach to risk assessment used in a regional geoscience context to explore the conceptions of the geological subsurface between experts and non-experts, and how that impacts on communication.
J. F. Schyns, A. Y. Hoekstra, and M. J. Booij
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 4581–4608,Short summary
The paper draws attention to the fact that green water (soil moisture returning to the atmosphere through evaporation) is a scarce resource, because its availability is limited and there are competing demands for green water. Around 80 indicators of green water availability and scarcity are reviewed and classified based on their scope and purpose of measurement. This is useful in order to properly include limitations in green water availability in water scarcity assessments.
S. Zhou, Y. Huang, Y. Wei, and G. Wang
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 3715–3726,
V. Ernstsen, P. Olsen, and A. E. Rosenbom
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 3475–3488,
M. J. Halverson and S. W. Fleming
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 3301–3318,
A. F. Van Loon, S. W. Ploum, J. Parajka, A. K. Fleig, E. Garnier, G. Laaha, and H. A. J. Van Lanen
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 1993–2016,Short summary
Hydrological drought types in cold climates have complex causing factors and impacts. In Austria and Norway, a lack of snowmelt is mainly related to below-normal winter precipitation, and a lack of glaciermelt is mainly related to below-normal summer temperature. These and other hydrological drought types impacted hydropower production, water supply, and agriculture in Europe and the US in the recent and far past. For selected drought events in Norway impacts could be coupled to causing factors.
A. Fernald, S. Guldan, K. Boykin, A. Cibils, M. Gonzales, B. Hurd, S. Lopez, C. Ochoa, M. Ortiz, J. Rivera, S. Rodriguez, and C. Steele
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 293–307,
X. C. Cao, P. T. Wu, Y. B. Wang, and X. N. Zhao
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 3165–3178,
K. Madani, M. Zarezadeh, and S. Morid
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 3055–3068,
J. Chenoweth, M. Hadjikakou, and C. Zoumides
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 2325–2342,
S. Pande and M. Ertsen
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 1745–1760,
P. Gober and H. S. Wheater
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 1413–1422,
H. Chang, P. Thiers, N. R. Netusil, J. A. Yeakley, G. Rollwagen-Bollens, S. M. Bollens, and S. Singh
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 1383–1395,
M. W. Ertsen, J. T. Murphy, L. E. Purdue, and T. Zhu
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 1369–1382,
Y. Liu, F. Tian, H. Hu, and M. Sivapalan
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 1289–1303,
S. N. Lane
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 927–952,
H. H. G. Savenije, A. Y. Hoekstra, and P. van der Zaag
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 319–332,
A. Wutich, A. C. White, D. D. White, K. L. Larson, A. Brewis, and C. Roberts
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 109–120,
J. L. Jr. Wescoat
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 4759–4768,
T. H. Bakken, Å. Killingtveit, K. Engeland, K. Alfredsen, and A. Harby
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 3983–4000,
P. Karimi, W. G. M. Bastiaanssen, and D. Molden
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 2459–2472,
D. J. Barrington, A. Ghadouani, and G. N. Ivey
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 2097–2105,
L. Jonker, P. van der Zaag, B. Gumbo, J. Rockström, D. Love, and H. H. G. Savenije
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 4225–4232,
E. G. King, F. C. O'Donnell, and K. K. Caylor
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 4023–4031,
I. Popescu, A. Jonoski, and B. Bhattacharya
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 3935–3944,
W. Douven, M. L. Mul, B. Fernández-Álvarez, S. Lam Hung, N. Bakker, G. Radosevich, and P. van der Zaag
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 3183–3197,
D. H. Yan, G. Wang, H. Wang, and T. L. Qin
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 2469–2483,
J. Seibert and M. J. P. Vis
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 2523–2530,
J. M. Kaspersma, G. J. Alaerts, and J. H. Slinger
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 2379–2392,
J. M. Delgado, B. Merz, and H. Apel
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 1533–1541,
D. G. Kingston, W. J. Eastwood, P. I. Jones, R. Johnson, S. Marshall, and D. M. Hannah
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 1281–1286,
A. N. Laghari, D. Vanham, and W. Rauch
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 1063–1083,
Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), NPD, US Bureau of Reclamation (USBR), PNR: The Columbia River system: The Inside Story, Report DOE/BP-1689, USACE, USBR and BPA, 1994.
Cohen, S. J., Miller, K., Hamlet, A., and Avis, W.: Climate Change and Resource Management in the Columbia River Basin, Water Int., 25(2), 253–272, 2000.
Cohen S., de Loe, R., Hamlet, A. F., Herrington, R., Mortsch, L., and Shrubsole, D.: Chapter 15 – Integrated and Cumulative Threats to Water Availability, in: Threats to Fresh Water Availability in Canada, Environment Canada, available at: http://www.nwri.ca/threats2full/intro-e.html, 2003.
Cohen, S., Neilsen, D., Smith, S., Neale, T., Taylor, B., Barton, M., Merritt, W., Alila, Y., Shepherd, P., McNeill, R., Tansey, J., Carmichael, J., and Langsdale, S.: Learning with local help: Expanding the dialogue on climate change and water management in the Okanagan Region, British Columbia, Canada, Climate Change., 75, 331–358, 2006.
Columbia Basin Bulletin: Salmon and Hydro: An Account of Litigation over Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinions for Salmon and Steelhead, 1991–2009, Columbia Basin Bulletin Issue Summary No. 1, First Addition, available at: http://www.cbbulletin.com/Issue+Summaries/default.aspx, February 2009.
Elsner, M. M., Cuo, L., Voisin, N., Deems, J. S., Hamlet, A. F., Vano, J. A., Mickelson, K. E. B., Lee, S. Y., and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Implications of 21st century climate change for the hydrology of Washington State, Climate Change, 102(1–2), 225–260, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-010-9855-0, 2010.
Fereday, J. C., Meyer, C. H., and Creamer, M. C.: Water Law Handbook: The acquisition, use, transfer, administration, and management of water rights in Idaho, Givens-Pursley, LLP, Boise, Idaho, available at: http://www.givenspursley.com/Publications.aspx, 2009.
Gamble, J. L., Furlow, J., Snover, A. K., Hamlet, A. F., Morehouse, B. J., Hartmann, H., and Pagano, T.: Assessing the Impact of Climate Variability and Change on Regional Water Resources: The Implications for Stakeholders, in: Water: Science, Policy, and Management, edited by: Lawford, R., Fort, D. D., Hartman, H. C., and Eden, S., AGU Press Monograph, 2002.
Gray, K. N.: The impacts of drought on Yakima Valley irrigated agriculture and Seattle municipal and industrial water supply, M.M.A. thesis, School of Marine Affairs, University of Washington, Seattle, 1999.
Hamlet, A. F.: The Role of Transboundary Agreements in the Columbia River Basin: An Integrated Assessment in the Context of Historic Development, Climate, and Evolving Water Policy, in: Climate and Water: Transboundary Challenges in the Americas, edited by: Diaz, H. and Morehouse, B., Kluwer Press, Dordrecht/Boston/London, 2003.
Hamlet, A. F. and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Effects of Climate Change on Hydrology and Water Resources in the Columbia River Basin, J. Am. Water Resour. As., 35(6), 1597–1623, 1999.
Hamlet A. F. and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Effects of 20th Century Warming and Climate Variability on Flood Risk in the Western US, Water Resour. Res., 43, W06427, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006WR005099, 2007.
Hamlet, A. F., Lee, S. Y., Mickelson, K. E. B., and Elsner, M. M.: Effects of projected climate change on energy supply and demand in the Pacific Northwest and Washington State, Climate Change, 102(1–2), 103–128, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-010-9857-y, 2010.
Independent Scientific Advisory Board (ISAB): Climate Change Impacts on Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife, ISAB Climate Chang Rep., available at: http://www.nwcouncil.org/library/isab/isab2007-2.htm (last access: 29 April 2011), 2007.
Labadie, J. W.: Optimal Operation of Multireservoir Systems: State-of-the-Art Review, J. Water Res. Pl.-ASCE, 130(2), 93–111, 2004.
Lee, S.-Y., Hamlet, A. F., Fitzgerald, C. J., and Burges, S. J.: Optimized Flood Control in the Columbia River Basin for a Global Warming Scenario, J. Water Res. Pl.-ASCE, 135(6), 440–450, https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9496(2009)135:6(440), 2009.
Lee, S. Y., Hamlet, A. F., Fitzgerald, C. J., and Burges, S. J.: Daily Time Step Refinement of Optimized Flood Control Rule Curves for a Global Warming Scenario, J. Water Res. Pl.-ASCE, https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.0000125, 2010.
Lund, J. R. and Ferreira, I.: Operating Rule Optimization for Missouri River Reservoir System, Water Res. Pl.-ASCE, 122(4), 287–295, 1996.
Mantua, N., Tohver, I., and Hamlet, A. F.: Climate change impacts on streamflow extremes and summertime stream temperature and their possible consequences for freshwater salmon habitat in Washington State, Climate Change, 102(1–2), 187–223, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-010-9845-2, 2010.
Medellin-Azuara, J., Harou, J. J., Olivares, M. A., Madani, K., Lund, J. R., Howitt, R. E., Tanaka, S. K., Jenkins, M. W., and Zhu, T.: Adaptability and adaptations of California's water supply system to dry climate warming, Climate Change, 87, S75–S90, 2008.
Miles, E. L., Snover, A. K., Hamlet, A. F., Callahan, B., and Fluharty, D.: Pacific Northwest regional assessment: The impacts of climate variability and climate change on the water resources of the Columbia River Basin, J. Am. Water Res. As., 36(2), 399–420, 2000.
Mote, P. W. and Salathé, E. P.: Future climate in the Pacific Northwest. Climate Change, 102(1–2), 29–50, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-010-9848-z, 2010.
Mote, P. W., Hamlet, A. F., Clark, M. P., and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Declining mountain snowpack in western North America, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 86(1), 39–49, 2005.
Mote, P. W., Hamlet, A., and Salathé, E.: Has spring snowpack declined in the Washington Cascades?, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 12, 193–206, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-12-193-2008, 2008.
NRDC: Natural Resources Defense Council et al. vs. Kempthorne, et al., US District Court, Eastern District of California, No. 1:05-cv-1307 OWW GSA, 2007.
Payne, J. T., Wood, A. W., Hamlet, A. F., Palmer, R. N., and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Mitigating the effects of climate change on the water resources of the Columbia River basin, Climate Change, 62(1–3), 233–256, 2004.
Stakhiv, E. Z.: Water Resources Planning and Management Under Climate Uncertainty, in: Proceedings of the First National Conference on Climate Change and Water Resources Management, edited by: Ballentine, T. M. and Stakhiv, E. Z., US Army Corps of Engineers Institute for Water Resources, Fort Belvoir, VA, IV-20-35, 1993.
Slaughter, R. A.: A transactions cost approach to the theoretical foundations of water markets, J. Am. Water Res. As., 45(2), 331–342, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2008, 2009.
Slaughter, R. and Wiener, J. D.: Water, adaptation, and property rights on the Snake and Klamath Rivers, J. Am. Water Res. As., 43(2), 308–321, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2007.00024.x, 2007.
Slaughter, R., Hamlet, A. F., Huppert, D. D., Hamilton, J., and Mote, P.W.: Mandates vs. markets: Addressing over-allocation of Pacific Northwest river basins, Water Policy, 12, 305–317, https://doi.org/10.2166/wp.2009.152, 2010.
Slaughter, R., Hamlet, A. F., Huppert, D. D., Hamilton, J., and Mote, P.W.: Mandates vs. markets: Addressing over-allocation of Pacific Northwest river basins, Water Policy, 12, 305–317, https://doi.org/10.2166/wp.2009.152, 2010.
Snover, A. K., Whitely Binder, L., Lopez, J., Willmott, E., Kay, J., Howell, D., and Simmonds, J.: Preparing for Climate Change: A Guidebook for Local, Regional, and State Governments, in association with and published by ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, Oakland, CA, 2007.
Stedinger, J. R., Vogel, R. M., and Foufoula-Georgiou, E.: Frequency analysis of extreme events, Handbook of Hydrology, edited by: Maidment, D. R., McGraw-Hill, Inc, New York, 1993.
Tohver, I. and Hamlet, A. F.: Impacts of 21st century climate change on hydrologic extremes in the Pacific Northwest region of North America, available at: http://www.hydro.washington.edu/2860/products/sites/r7climate/study_report/CBCCSP_chap7_extremes_final.pdf, 2010.
Vano, J. A., Voisin, N., Cuo, L., Hamlet, A. F., Elsner, M. M., Palmer, R. N., Polebitski, A., and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Climate change impacts on water management in the Puget Sound Region, Washington, USA, Climate Change, 102(1–2), 261–286, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-010-9846-1, 2010a.
Vano, J. A., Scott, M., Voisin, N., Stöckle, C. O., Hamlet, A. F., Mickelson, K. E. B., Elsner, M. M., and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Climate change impacts on water management and irrigated agriculture in the Yakima River basin, Washington, USA, Climate Change, 102(1–2), 287–317, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-010-9856-z, 2010b.
Washington Department of Ecology (WDOE): Analysis of Water Banks in the Western States, Ecology Publication No. 04-11-011, 2004.
Whitely Binder, L. C. with contributions from Barcelos, J. K., Booth, D. B., Darzen, M., McGuire Elsner, M., Fenske, R., Graham, T. F., Hamlet, A. F., Hodges-Howell, J., Huppert, D. D., Jackson, J. E., Karr, C., Keys, P. W., Littell, J. S., Mantua, N., Marlow, J., McKenzie, D., Robinson-Dorn, M., Rosenberg, E. A., Stöckle, C. O., and Vano, J. A.: Preparing for Climate Change in Washington State, Climate Change, 102(1–2), 351–376, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-010-9850-5, 2010.
Wiley, M. W.: Analysis techniques to incorporate climate change information into Seattle's long range water supply planning, M.S.C.E. thesis, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, 2004.