Articles | Volume 26, issue 8
Research article
26 Apr 2022
Research article |  | 26 Apr 2022

Decreased virtual water outflows from the Yellow River basin are increasingly critical to China

Shuang Song, Shuai Wang, Xutong Wu, Yongyuan Huang, and Bojie Fu

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Cited articles

Arthur, W. B.: Foundations of Complexity Economics, Nature Reviews Physics, 3, 136–145,, 2021. a
Bae, J. and Dall'erba, S.: Crop Production, Export of Virtual Water and Water-saving Strategies in Arizona, Ecol. Econ., 146, 148–156,, 2018. a
Balassa, B.: Trade Liberalisation and “Revealed” Comparative Advantage, Man. Sch., 33, 99–123,, 1965. a
Best, J.: Anthropogenic Stresses on the World's Big Rivers, Nat. Geosci., 12, 7–21,, 2019. a
Chini, C. M., Djehdian, L. A., Lubega, W. N., and Stillwell, A. S.: Virtual Water Transfers of the US Electric Grid, Nature Energy, 3, 1115–1123,, 2018. a
Short summary
A reasonable assessment of the contribution of the water resources in a river basin to domestic crops supplies will be the first step in balancing the water–food nexus. Our results showed that although the Yellow River basin had reduced its virtual water outflow, its importance to crop production in China had been increasing when water footprint networks were considered. Our complexity-based approach provides a new perspective for understanding changes in a basin with a severe water shortage.