Articles | Volume 25, issue 12
Research article
02 Dec 2021
Research article |  | 02 Dec 2021

Enhanced flood hazard assessment beyond decadal climate cycles based on centennial historical data (Duero basin, Spain)

Gerardo Benito, Olegario Castillo, Juan A. Ballesteros-Cánovas, Maria Machado, and Mariano Barriendos


Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on hess-2021-320', Inês Amorim, 24 Aug 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Gerardo Benito, 08 Sep 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC1', Gerardo Benito, 08 Sep 2021
    • AC5: 'Reply on RC1', Gerardo Benito, 10 Sep 2021
      • RC3: 'Reply on AC5', Inês Amorim, 10 Sep 2021
        • AC6: 'Reply on RC3', Gerardo Benito, 10 Sep 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on hess-2021-320', Libor Elleder, 31 Aug 2021
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC2', Gerardo Benito, 08 Sep 2021
    • AC4: 'Reply on RC2', Gerardo Benito, 10 Sep 2021
  • AC7: 'Comment on hess-2021-320', Gerardo Benito, 01 Oct 2021

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (further review by editor) (09 Oct 2021) by Alberto Guadagnini
AR by Gerardo Benito on behalf of the Authors (17 Oct 2021)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Publish subject to technical corrections (23 Oct 2021) by Alberto Guadagnini
Short summary
Climate change is expected to increase the intensity of floods, but changes are difficult to project. We compiled historical and modern flood data of the Rio Duero (Spain) to evaluate flood hazards beyond decadal climate cycles. Historical floods were obtained from documentary sources, identifying 69 floods over 1250–1871 CE. Discharges were calculated from reported flood heights. Flood frequency using historical datasets showed the most robust results, guiding climate change adaptation.