Articles | Volume 24, issue 11
Research article 24 Nov 2020
Research article | 24 Nov 2020
Variability in epilimnion depth estimations in lakes
Harriet L. Wilson et al.
No articles found.
Thibault Lambert, Pascal Perolo, Nicolas Escoffier, and Marie-Elodie Perga
Biogeosciences, 19, 187–200,Short summary
The bacterial mineralization of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in inland waters contributes to CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. Human activities affect DOM sources. However, the implications on DOM mineralization are poorly known. Combining sampling and incubations, we showed that higher bacterial respiration in agro-urban streams related to a labile pool from aquatic origin. Therefore, human activities may have a limited impact on the net carbon exchanges between inland waters and atmosphere.
Malgorzata Golub, Wim Thiery, Rafael Marcé, Don Pierson, Inne Vanderkelen, Daniel Mercado, R. Iestyn Woolway, Luke Grant, Eleanor Jennings, Jacob Schewe, Fang Zhao, Katja Frieler, Matthias Mengel, Vasiliy Y. Bogomolov, Damien Bouffard, Raoul-Marie Couture, Andrey V. Debolskiy, Bram Droppers, Gideon Gal, Mingyang Guo, Annette B. G. Janssen, Georgiy Kirillin, Robert Ladwig, Madeline Magee, Tadhg Moore, Marjorie Perroud, Sebastiano Piccolroaz, Love Raaman Vinnaa, Martin Schmid, Tom Shatwell, Victor M. Stepanenko, Zeli Tan, Huaxia Yao, Rita Adrian, Mathew Allan, Orlane Anneville, Lauri Arvola, Karen Atkins, Leon Boegman, Cayelan Carey, Kyle Christianson, Elvira de Eyto, Curtis DeGasperi, Maria Grechushnikova, Josef Hejzlar, Klaus Joehnk, Ian D. Jones, Alo Laas, Eleanor B. Mackay, Ivan Mammarella, Hampus Markensten, Chris McBride, Deniz Özkundakci, Miguel Potes, Karsten Rinke, Dale Robertson, James Rusak, Rui Salgado, Leon van den Linden, Piet Verburg, Danielle Wain, Nicole K. Ward, Sabine Wollrab, and Galina Zdorovennova
Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss.,
Preprint under review for GMDShort summary
Here we present a protocol for and results from coordinated simulations of climate change impacts on lakes worldwide.
Pascal Perolo, Bieito Fernández Castro, Nicolas Escoffier, Thibault Lambert, Damien Bouffard, and Marie-Elodie Perga
Earth Syst. Dynam., 12, 1169–1189,Short summary
Wind blowing over the ocean creates waves that, by increasing the level of turbulence, promote gas exchange at the air–water interface. In this study, for the first time, we measured enhanced gas exchanges by wind-induced waves at the surface of a large lake. We adapted an ocean-based model to account for the effect of surface waves on gas exchange in lakes. We finally show that intense wind events with surface waves contribute disproportionately to the annual CO2 gas flux in a large lake.
Bernhard Aichner, David Dubbert, Christine Kiel, Katrin Kohnert, Igor Ogashawara, Andreas Jechow, Sarah-Faye Harpenslager, Franz Hölker, Jens Christian Nejstgaard, Hans-Peter Grossart, Gabriel Singer, Sabine Wollrab, and Stella Angela Berger
Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss.,
Preprint under review for ESSDShort summary
Water isotopes were measured along transects and in the form of time series in northeastern German lakes. The spatial patterns within the data and their seasonal variability are related to morphological and hydrological properties of the studied lake systems. They are further useful for the understanding of biogeochemical and ecological characteristics of these lakes.
Leah Amber Jackson-Blake, François Clayer, Elvira de Eyto, Andrew French, María Dolores Frías, Daniel Mercado-Bettín, Tadhg Moore, Laura Puértolas, Russell Poole, Karsten Rinke, Muhammed Shikhani, Leon van der Linden, and Rafael Marcé
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss.,
Preprint under review for HESSShort summary
We explore, together with stakeholders, whether seasonal forecasting of water quantity, quality and ecology can help support water management at five case study sites, primarily in Europe. Reliable forecasting, a season in advance, has huge potential to improve decision making. However, managers were reluctant to use the forecasts operationally. Key barriers were uncertainty and often poor historic performance. The importance of practical hands-on experience was also highlighted.
Refat Abdel-Basset, Elhagag Ahmed Hasssan, and Hans-Peter Grossart
Manuscript not accepted for further reviewShort summary
The aim of this work is to explore the ability of the cyanobacterium Dolichospermum flosaquae in microbially-induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICP). Environmentally, MICP controls the availability of calcium, carbon and phosphorus in freshwater lakes and carbon exchange with the atmosphere. Citrate, at 4 mg/L, induced the highest carbonate alkalinity, the highest calcium consumption, the highest urease activity along with the lowest photosynthetic and respiratory oxygen exchange.
Refat Abdel-Basset, Elhagag Ahmed Hassan, and Hans-Peter Grossart
Revised manuscript not acceptedShort summary
This work was planned and implemented to evaluate the capacity of the Cyanobacterium Dolichospermum flosaquae in microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICP), which in turn exerts numerous impacts in biogeochemistry of freshwater lakes. MICP is also a determinant of atmospheric carbon emission and eutrophication. Calcium citrate was the most inductive for MICP powered by photosynthesis. The results can be modeled for the implications of MICP in biogeochemical cycles of Ca, C & P.
Shangbin Xiao, Liu Liu, Wei Wang, Andreas Lorke, Jason Woodhouse, and Hans-Peter Grossart
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 3871–3880,Short summary
To better understand the fate of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) in freshwaters, dissolved CH4 and CO2 need to be measured with a high temporal resolution. We developed the Fast-Response Automated Gas Equilibrator (FaRAGE) for real-time in situ measurement of dissolved gases in water. FaRAGE can achieve a short response time (CH4: t95 % = 12 s; CO2: t95 % = 10 s) while retaining a high equilibration ratio and accuracy.
Ana I. Ayala, Simone Moras, and Donald C. Pierson
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 3311–3330,Short summary
The impacts of different levels of global warming on the thermal structure of Lake Erken are assessed. We used the General Ocean Turbulence Model (GOTM) to simulate water temperature driven by meteorological scenarios supplied by the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) and tested its ability at different frequencies. Then, daily ISIMIP meteorological scenarios were disaggregated and assessed for the effects of climate change on lake thermal structure.
Simone Moras, Ana I. Ayala, and Don C. Pierson
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 5001–5016,Short summary
We used a hydrodynamic model to reconstruct daily historical water temperature of Lake Erken (Sweden) between 1961 and 2017 to demonstrate the ongoing effect of climate change on lake thermal conditions. The results show that the lake has warmed most rapidly in the last 30 years and that it is now subject to a longer and more stable stratification. The methods used here to reconstruct historical water temperature records can be easily extended to other lakes.
Brian C. Doyle, Elvira de Eyto, Mary Dillane, Russell Poole, Valerie McCarthy, Elizabeth Ryder, and Eleanor Jennings
Biogeosciences, 16, 1053–1071,Short summary
This study explores the drivers of variation in the water colour of rivers, and hence organic carbon export, in a blanket peatland catchment. We used 6 years of weekly river water colour data (2011 to 2016) from three proximate river sub-catchments in western Ireland. in tandem with a range of topographical, hydrological and climate data, to discover the principle environmental drivers controlling changes in colour concentration in the rivers.
Katja Frieler, Stefan Lange, Franziska Piontek, Christopher P. O. Reyer, Jacob Schewe, Lila Warszawski, Fang Zhao, Louise Chini, Sebastien Denvil, Kerry Emanuel, Tobias Geiger, Kate Halladay, George Hurtt, Matthias Mengel, Daisuke Murakami, Sebastian Ostberg, Alexander Popp, Riccardo Riva, Miodrag Stevanovic, Tatsuo Suzuki, Jan Volkholz, Eleanor Burke, Philippe Ciais, Kristie Ebi, Tyler D. Eddy, Joshua Elliott, Eric Galbraith, Simon N. Gosling, Fred Hattermann, Thomas Hickler, Jochen Hinkel, Christian Hof, Veronika Huber, Jonas Jägermeyr, Valentina Krysanova, Rafael Marcé, Hannes Müller Schmied, Ioanna Mouratiadou, Don Pierson, Derek P. Tittensor, Robert Vautard, Michelle van Vliet, Matthias F. Biber, Richard A. Betts, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Delphine Deryng, Steve Frolking, Chris D. Jones, Heike K. Lotze, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Ritvik Sahajpal, Kirsten Thonicke, Hanqin Tian, and Yoshiki Yamagata
Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 4321–4345,Short summary
This paper describes the simulation scenario design for the next phase of the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP), which is designed to facilitate a contribution to the scientific basis for the IPCC Special Report on the impacts of 1.5 °C global warming. ISIMIP brings together over 80 climate-impact models, covering impacts on hydrology, biomes, forests, heat-related mortality, permafrost, tropical cyclones, fisheries, agiculture, energy, and coastal infrastructure.
Thomas Hornick, Lennart T. Bach, Katharine J. Crawfurd, Kristian Spilling, Eric P. Achterberg, Jason N. Woodhouse, Kai G. Schulz, Corina P. D. Brussaard, Ulf Riebesell, and Hans-Peter Grossart
Biogeosciences, 14, 1–15,
Kristian Spilling, Kai G. Schulz, Allanah J. Paul, Tim Boxhammer, Eric P. Achterberg, Thomas Hornick, Silke Lischka, Annegret Stuhr, Rafael Bermúdez, Jan Czerny, Kate Crawfurd, Corina P. D. Brussaard, Hans-Peter Grossart, and Ulf Riebesell
Biogeosciences, 13, 6081–6093,Short summary
We performed an experiment in the Baltic Sea in order to investigate the consequences of the increasing CO2 levels on biological processes in the free water mass. There was more accumulation of organic carbon at high CO2 levels. Surprisingly, this was caused by reduced loss processes (respiration and bacterial production) in a high-CO2 environment, and not by increased photosynthetic fixation of CO2. Our carbon budget can be used to better disentangle the effects of ocean acidification.
Monika Nausch, Lennart Thomas Bach, Jan Czerny, Josephine Goldstein, Hans-Peter Grossart, Dana Hellemann, Thomas Hornick, Eric Pieter Achterberg, Kai-Georg Schulz, and Ulf Riebesell
Biogeosciences, 13, 3035–3050,Short summary
Studies investigating the effect of increasing CO2 levels on the phosphorus cycle in natural waters are lacking although phosphorus often controls phytoplankton development in aquatic systems. The aim of our study was to analyse effects of elevated CO2 levels on phosphorus pool sizes and uptake. Therefore, we conducted a CO2-manipulation mesocosm experiment in the Storfjärden (western Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea) in summer 2012. We compared the phosphorus dynamics in different mesocosm treatment
K. Attermeyer, T. Hornick, Z. E. Kayler, A. Bahr, E. Zwirnmann, H.-P. Grossart, and K. Premke
Biogeosciences, 11, 1479–1489,
Related subject area
Subject: Rivers and Lakes | Techniques and Approaches: Mathematical applicationsGRAINet: mapping grain size distributions in river beds from UAV images with convolutional neural networksA wavelet-based approach to streamflow event identification and modeled timing error evaluationHydrodynamic and environmental characteristics of a tributary bay influenced by backwater jacking and intrusions from a main reservoirAutomatic identification of alternating morphological units in river channels using wavelet analysis and ridge extractionStream temperature and discharge evolution in Switzerland over the last 50 years: annual and seasonal behaviourEstimating extreme river discharges in Europe through a Bayesian networkKULTURisk regional risk assessment methodology for water-related natural hazards – Part 2: Application to the Zurich case studyReply to D. L. Peters' Comment on "Streamflow input to Lake Athabasca, Canada" by Rasouli et al. (2013)Temporal and spatial changes of water quality and management strategies of Dianchi Lake in southwest ChinaA model based on dimensional analysis for prediction of nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations at the river station Ižkovce, SlovakiaA hybrid model of self organizing maps and least square support vector machine for river flow forecastingSpatial variability in floodplain sedimentation: the use of generalized linear mixed-effects modelsFlood trends and variability in the Mekong river
Nico Lang, Andrea Irniger, Agnieszka Rozniak, Roni Hunziker, Jan Dirk Wegner, and Konrad Schindler
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 2567–2597,Short summary
Grain size analysis is the key to understanding the sediment dynamics of river systems and is an important indicator for mitigating flood risk and preserving biodiversity in aquatic habitats. We propose GRAINet, a data-driven approach based on deep learning, to regress grain size distributions from georeferenced UAV images. This allows for a holistic analysis of entire gravel bars, resulting in robust grading curves and high-resolution maps of spatial grain size distribution at large scale.
Erin Towler and James L. McCreight
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 2599–2615,Short summary
We present a wavelet-based approach to quantify streamflow timing errors for model evaluation and development. We demonstrate the method using real and simulated stream discharge data from several locations. We show how results can be used to identify potential hydrologic processes contributing to the timing errors. Furthermore, we illustrate how the method can document model performance by comparing timing errors across versions of the National Water Model.
Xintong Li, Bing Liu, Yuanming Wang, Yongan Yang, Ruifeng Liang, Fangjun Peng, Shudan Xue, Zaixiang Zhu, and Kefeng Li
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 5057–5076,Short summary
We aim to understand the hydrodynamic and environmental characteristics of a tributary bay influenced by a main reservoir. The results showed that the tributary bay was mainly affected by backwater jacking of the main reservoir when the water level dropped and by intrusion of the main reservoir when the water level rose. An obvious quality concentration boundary existed in the tributary bay. The results of this study can provide guidance for water environment protection in tributary bays.
Mounir Mahdade, Nicolas Le Moine, Roger Moussa, Oldrich Navratil, and Pierre Ribstein
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 3513–3537,Short summary
We present an automatic procedure based on wavelet ridge extraction to identify some characteristics of alternating morphological units (e.g., pools to riffles). We used four hydro-morphological variables (velocity, hydraulic radius, bed shear stress, local channel direction angle). We find that the wavelengths are consistent with the values of the literature, and the use of a multivariate approach yields more robust results and ensures a consistent covariance of flow variables.
Adrien Michel, Tristan Brauchli, Michael Lehning, Bettina Schaefli, and Hendrik Huwald
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 115–142,Short summary
This study constitutes the first comprehensive analysis of river temperature in Switzerland combined with discharge and key meteorological variables, such as air temperature and precipitation. It is also the first study to discuss the large-scale seasonal behaviour of stream temperature in Switzerland. This research shows the clear increase of river temperature in Switzerland over the last few decades and may serve as a solid reference for future climate change scenario simulations.
Dominik Paprotny and Oswaldo Morales-Nápoles
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2615–2636,
P. Ronco, M. Bullo, S. Torresan, A. Critto, R. Olschewski, M. Zappa, and A. Marcomini
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 1561–1576,Short summary
The aim of the paper is the application of the KULTURisk regional risk assessment (KR-RRA) methodology, presented in the companion paper (Part 1), to the Sihl River basin, in northern Switzerland. Flood-related risks have been assessed for different receptors lying in the Sihl river valley including the city of Zurich, which represents a typical case of river flooding in an urban area, by means of a calibration process of the methodology to the site-specific context and features.
K. Rasouli, M. A. Hernández-Henríquez, and S. J. Déry
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 1287–1292,
T. Zhang, W. H. Zeng, S. R. Wang, and Z. K. Ni
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 1493–1502,
M. Zeleňáková, M. Čarnogurská, M. Šlezingr, D. Słyś, and P. Purcz
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 201–209,
S. Ismail, A. Shabri, and R. Samsudin
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 4417–4433,
A. Cabezas, M. Angulo-Martínez, M. Gonzalez-Sanchís, J. J. Jimenez, and F. A. Comín
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 1655–1668,
J. M. Delgado, H. Apel, and B. Merz
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 407–418,
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Lakes are often described in terms of vertical layers. The
epilimnionrefers to the warm surface layer that is homogeneous due to mixing. The depth of the epilimnion can influence air–water exchanges and the vertical distribution of biological variables. We compared various methods for defining the epilimnion layer and found large variability between methods. Certain methods may be better suited for applications such as multi-lake comparison and assessing the impact of climate change.
Lakes are often described in terms of vertical layers. The
epilimnionrefers to the warm surface...