Articles | Volume 21, issue 6
Research article
26 Jun 2017
Research article |  | 26 Jun 2017

Water footprint of crop production for different crop structures in the Hebei southern plain, North China

Yingmin Chu, Yanjun Shen, and Zaijian Yuan

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Cited articles

Allen, R. G., Pereira, L. S., Raes, D., and Smith, M.: Crop evapotranspiration-Guidelines for computing crop water requirements, FAO Irrigation and drainage paper 56, FAO, Rome, Italy, 1998.
Bocchiola, D., Nana, E., and Soncini, A.: Impact of climate change scenarios on crop yield and water footprint of maize in the Po valley of Italy, Agr. Water Manage., 116, 50–61, 2013.
Chapagain, A. K. and Hoekstra, A. Y.: The blue, green and grey water footprint of rice from production and consumption perspectives, Ecol. Econ., 70, 749–758, 2011.
Chapagain, A. K. and Orr, S.: An improved water footprint methodology linking global consumption to local water resources: a case of Spanish tomatoes, J. Environ. Manage., 90, 1219–1228, 2009.
Chapagain, A. K., Hoekstra, A. Y., Savenije, H. H. G., and Gautam, R.: The water footprint of cotton consumption: an assessment of the impact of worldwide consumption of cotton products on the water resources in the cotton producing countries, Ecol. Econ., 60, 186–203, 2006.
Short summary
In this study, we analyzed the water footprint (WF) of crop production and found winter wheat, summer maize and vegetables were the top water-consuming crops in the Hebei southern plain (HSP). The total WF, WFblue, WFgreen and WFgrey for 13 years (2000–2012) of crop production were 604.8, 288.5, 141.3 and 175.0 km3, respectively, with an annual downtrend from 2000 to 2012. Finally, we evaluated a reasonable farming structure by analyzing scenarios of the main crops' WF.