Articles | Volume 20, issue 7
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 3005–3012, 2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Special issue: Modeling hydrological processes and changes
Research article 28 Jul 2016
Research article | 28 Jul 2016
Assessment of land use impact on hydraulic threshold conditions for gully head cut initiation
Aliakbar Nazari Samani et al.
No articles found.
Wenqing Shi, Qiuwen Chen, Jianyun Zhang, Cheng Chen, Yuchen Chen, Yuyu Ji, Juhua Yu, and Bryce R. Van Dam
Preprint withdrawnShort summary
As the second most important greenhouse gas, the production of methane undermines the green credentials of hydropower. We investigated methane emissions from a reservoir island and discovered self-mitigation of methane emissions in a ring-like zone around the island edge. Understanding the self-mitigation of methane emissions in dammed rivers will help to screen effective strategies for lessening the global warming effects of hydropower systems.
Shahram Khalighi Sigaroodi and Qiuwen Chen
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 5063–5071,Short summary
The paper presents original research about storm movement effects on runoff modelling at the basin scale instead of the conventional laboratory scale. It is essential to find that neglecting storm movement may bring artifacts to parameters when calibrating hydrological models; slow movement of storm has a more significant effect on hydrograph; storm movement on hydrograph modelling becomes visible only when the study area is divided into sub-basins.
S. K. Sigaroodi, Q. Chen, S. Ebrahimi, A. Nazari, and B. Choobin
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 1995–2006,
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field, to small catchment scales in agricultural North Huaihe River Plain, ChinaAddressing secondary school students' everyday ideas about freshwater springs in order to develop an instructional tool to promote conceptual reconstructionHydrological heterogeneity in Mediterranean reclaimed slopes: runoff and sediment yield at the patch and slope scales along a gradient of overland flowEffect of hydraulic parameters on sediment transport capacity in overland flow over erodible bedsLarge-scale runoff generation – parsimonious parameterisation using high-resolution topographyEstimating surface fluxes over middle and upper streams of the Heihe River Basin with ASTER imagerySeasonal evaluation of the land surface scheme HTESSEL against remote sensing derived energy fluxes of the Transdanubian region in HungaryAnalysis of surface soil moisture patterns in agricultural landscapes using Empirical Orthogonal FunctionsModelling field scale water partitioning using on-site observations in 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profilesUncertainty in the determination of soil hydraulic parameters and its influence on the performance of two hydrological models of different complexityModelling the inorganic nitrogen behaviour in a small Mediterranean forested catchment, Fuirosos (Catalonia)Soil bioengineering for risk mitigation and environmental restoration in a humid tropical areaClimate and terrain factors explaining streamflow response and recession in Australian catchmentsSoil moisture active and passive microwave products: intercomparison and evaluation over a Sahelian siteCharacteristics of 2-D convective structures in Catalonia (NE Spain): an analysis using radar data and GISThe contribution of groundwater discharge to the overall water budget of two typical Boreal lakes in Alberta/Canada estimated from a radon mass balanceActual daily evapotranspiration estimated from MERIS and AATSR data over the Chinese Loess PlateauCalibration analysis for water storage variability of the global hydrological model 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characteristics from a fine-resolution flow direction mapSurface water acidification and critical loads: exploring the F-factorModelling runoff at the plot scale taking into account rainfall partitioning by vegetation: application to stemflow of banana (Musa spp.) plantDying to find the source – the use of rhodamine WT as a proxy for soluble point source pollutants in closed pipe surface drainage networksFootprint issues in scintillometry over heterogeneous landscapes
Mirko Mälicke, Sibylle K. Hassler, Theresa Blume, Markus Weiler, and Erwin Zehe
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 2633–2653,Short summary
We could show that distributed soil moisture time series bear a considerable amount of information about dynamic changes in soil moisture. We developed a new method to describe spatial patterns and analyze their persistency. By combining uncertainty propagation with information theory, we were able to calculate the information content of spatial similarity with respect to measurement uncertainty. This does help to understand when and why the soil is drying in an organized manner.
Keith J. Beven
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 2655–2670,Short summary
The concept of time of concentration in the analysis of catchment responses dates back over 150 years. It is normally discussed in terms of the velocity of flow of a water particle from the furthest part of a catchment to the outlet. This is also the basis for the definition in the International Glossary of Hydrology, but this is in conflict with the way in which it is commonly used. This paper provides a clarification of the concept and its correct useage.
Stefan W. Ploum, Hjalmar Laudon, Andrés Peralta-Tapia, and Lenka Kuglerová
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 1709–1720,Short summary
Near-stream areas, or riparian zones, are important for the health of streams and rivers. If these areas are disturbed by forestry or other anthropogenic activity, the water quality and all life in streams may be at risk. We examined which riparian areas are particularly sensitive. We found that only a few wet areas bring most of the rainwater from the landscape to the stream, and they have a unique water quality. In order to maintain healthy streams and rivers, these areas should be protected.
Brett Woelber, Marco P. Maneta, Joel Harper, Kelsey G. Jencso, W. Payton Gardner, Andrew C. Wilcox, and Ignacio López-Moreno
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 4295–4310,Short summary
The hydrology of high-elevation headwaters in midlatitudes is typically dominated by snow processes, which are very sensitive to changes in energy inputs at the top of the snowpack. We present a data analyses that reveal how snowmelt and transpiration waves induced by the diurnal solar cycle generate water pressure fluctuations that propagate through the snowpack–hillslope–stream system. Changes in diurnal energy inputs alter these pressure cycles with potential ecohydrological consequences.
Mark A. Nearing, Viktor O. Polyakov, Mary H. Nichols, Mariano Hernandez, Li Li, Ying Zhao, and Gerardo Armendariz
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3221–3229,Short summary
This study presents novel scientific understanding about the way that hillslope surfaces form when exposed to rainfall erosion, and the way those surfaces interact with and influence runoff velocities during rain events. The data show that hillslope surfaces form such that flow velocities are independent of slope gradient and dependent on flow rates alone. This result represents a shift in thinking about surface water runoff.
Stefan J. Kollet
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 2801–2809,
Yujin Zeng, Zhenghui Xie, Yan Yu, Shuang Liu, Linying Wang, Binghao Jia, Peihua Qin, and Yaning Chen
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 2333–2352,Short summary
In arid areas, stream–aquifer water exchange essentially sustains the growth and subsistence of riparian ecosystem. To quantify this effect for intensity and range, a stream–riverbank scheme was incorporated into a state-of-the-art land model, and some runs were set up over Heihe River basin, northwestern China. The results show that the hydrology circle is significantly changed, and the ecological system is benefitted greatly by the river water lateral transfer within a 1 km range to the stream.
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Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 3681–3692,
U. Nachshon, A. Ireson, G. van der Kamp, S. R. Davies, and H. S. Wheater
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We hypothesized that land use had important effects on hydraulic threshold conditions for gully head cut initiation. We investigated the effects using an experimental plot. The results indicated that the use of a threshold value of τcr = 35 dyne cm−2 and ωu = 0.4 Cm S−1 in physically based soil erosion models is susceptible to high uncertainty when assessing gully erosion.
We hypothesized that land use had important effects on hydraulic threshold conditions for gully...