Articles | Volume 19, issue 4
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 2057–2078, 2015
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 2057–2078, 2015

Research article 29 Apr 2015

Research article | 29 Apr 2015

Impacts of high inter-annual variability of rainfall on a century of extreme hydrologic regime of northwest Australia

A. Rouillard et al.

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Cited articles

Aitchison, G. P.: "I've Had a Good Life" Phil's Story: The Autobiography of a Pilbara Pioneer, Western Australia, Hesperian Press, Carlisle, 48 pp., 2006.
Bai, J., Chen, X., Li, J., Yang, L., and Fang, H.: Changes in the area of inland lakes in arid regions of central Asia during the past 30 years, Environ. Monit. Assess., 178, 247–256, 2011.
Barber, M. and Jackson, S.: Water and Indigenous People in the Pilbara, Western Australia: a Preliminary Study, Water for a Healthy Country Flagship Report, CSIRO, Darwin, 104 pp., 2011.
Bates, P. D.: Integrating remote sensing data with flood inundation models: how far have we got?, Hydrol. Process., 26, 2515–2521, 2012.
Beard, J. S.: The Vegetation of the Pilbara Area, Vegetation Survey of Western Australia, 1 : 1000000 Vegetation Series, Map and Explanatory Notes, The University of Western Australia Press, Nedlands, 1975.
Short summary
We reconstructed a 100-year monthly history of flooding and drought of a large wetland in arid northwest Australia, using hydroclimatic data calibrated against 25 years of satellite images. Severe and intense regional rainfall, as well as the sequence of events, determined surface water expression on the floodplain. While inter-annual variability was high, changes to the flood regime over the last 20 years suggest the wetland may become more persistent in response to the observed rainfall trend.