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Hydrology and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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This study develops a new general semi-analytical solution for three-dimensional flow in an anisotropic three-layer aquifer system induced by a partially penetrating well with time-varying discharge. The solution generalizes the cases which have already been addressed by other available papers. The flow behavior is thoroughly explored under different type of top and bottom boundaries and an exponentially decayed pumping rate. The potential application of our study is discussed in detail.
Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2020-586
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2020-586

  10 Dec 2020

10 Dec 2020

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal HESS.

Three-dimensional transient flow to a partially penetrated well with variable discharge in a general three-layer aquifer system

Qinggao Feng1, Xiaola Feng1, and Hongbin Zhan2 Qinggao Feng et al.
  • 1Faculty of Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, Hubei, 200092, P. R. China
  • 2Department of Geology and Geophysics, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3115, USA

Abstract. A general analytical model for three-dimensional flow in a three-layered aquifer system with a partial penetration well having a variable discharge of pumping is developed by taking account of the interface flow on the adjacent layers. This general three-layer system includes the conventional aquitard-aquifer-aquitard system as a subset and does not require that the permeability contrasts of different layers must be greater than a few orders of magnitude, and does not ignore any flow components (either vertical or horizontal) in any particular layer. The pumping well of infinitesimal radius is screened at any portion of the middle layer. Three widely used top and bottom boundary conditions are considered that can be specified as a constant-head boundary (Case1) or a no-flux boundary (Case 2), and a constant-head boundary at the top in combination with a no-flux boundary at the bottom (Case 3). Laplace domain solutions for dimensionless drawdown are obtained by the use of Hankel transformation, and associated time-domain solutions are evaluated numerically. The newly obtained solutions include some available solutions for two- or single-layer aquifer systems as subsets. The drawdowns for individual layers caused by a well with an exponentially decreased discharge are explored as an example of illustration. The results indicate that the pumped layer drawdown close to the partially penetrated well is mainly influenced by the variable pumping rate. The late-time drawdowns for all layers are remarkably affected by the chosen types of top and bottom boundary conditions, and the drawdown for Case 3 is greater than that for Case 1 and smaller than that for Case 2. Additionally, the effect of the pumped layer anisotropy on drawdowns in the three-layer system is significant, and the anisotropy of the unpumped layers significantly affects the drawdown in the whole aquifer system without large contrast of hydraulic conductivity between the unpumped layers and the pumped layer. The drawdowns in all three layers are greatly affected by the location and length of well screen, and a larger drawdown can be seen at the position that is closer to the middle point of the screen of the partially penetrating pumping well.

Qinggao Feng et al.

 
Status: open (until 04 Feb 2021)
Status: open (until 04 Feb 2021)
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Qinggao Feng et al.

Qinggao Feng et al.

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Short summary
This study develops a new general semi-analytical solution for three-dimensional flow in an anisotropic three-layer aquifer system induced by a partially penetrating well with time-varying discharge. The solution generalizes the cases which have already been addressed by other available papers. The flow behavior is thoroughly explored under different type of top and bottom boundaries and an exponentially decayed pumping rate. The potential application of our study is discussed in detail.
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